Take the 2-minute tour ×
Ask Ubuntu is a question and answer site for Ubuntu users and developers. It's 100% free, no registration required.

I asked the same question when I used Maverick Meerkat but I can't make that solutions work on Unity. I want to use the keys ´ followed by c and the output should be "ç". It works that way in Windows out of the box, and it did work in Ubuntu 10.10 following the solutions given in the question above. But in 11.04 it outputs "ć". How to change that?

share|improve this question

6 Answers 6

up vote 4 down vote accepted

Edit /usr/lib/gtk-2.0/2.10.0/gtk.immodules Modify the line where you can find "cedilla" add ":en" at the end

"cedilla" "Cedilla" "gtk20" "/usr/share/locale" "az:ca:co:fr:gv:oc:pt:sq:tr:wa:en"

Edit /etc/environment Add: export GTK_IM_MODULE=cedilla

Edit for Ubuntu 12.10: (according to the other answer by Hoerlle)

the gtk.immodule file is located at:




For KDE and other applications that are not GTK: Edit: /usr/share/X11/locale/en_US.UTF-8/Compose

Find all ocorrencies for ć and replace it all for ç, remember to look for the the uppercase matches too Ć and Ç

You may need to restart your gnome.

share|improve this answer

Use the accent, not the apostrophe:

accent + c (´+c) = ç trencada

share|improve this answer
I was using the accent <kbd>´</kbd> all the time, but the question didn't reflect it, so I edited the question, invalidating your answer. Sorry –  Jader Dias Sep 2 '11 at 14:08

In Ubuntu 12.10 the gtk.immodules file to be edited are located at:




share|improve this answer

Try using the Dvorak International layout with dead keys;there's a good possibility that QWERT International with dead keys also uses these keys. On mine, the comma is a live key. (It's used often enough that it would be annoying if it were a dead key.)

For a ç. try AltGr (right Alt) + ,. For a capital, Ç, try Shift+AltGr+,.

share|improve this answer
using Dvorak might be more annoying than a dead comma key for people that are used with QWERT –  cipricus Apr 17 '13 at 9:33

In Xfce 12.10 I have solved it by installing ibus package and its dependencies.

This is a bug reported here (and the solution is mentioned in a comment - more specifically here.)

share|improve this answer

In Ubuntu 13.10, I fixed it by adding the following lines in /etc/environment:

share|improve this answer
For me, in Ubuntu 13.10 and Gnome Shell, worked too. –  euDennis Jan 21 '14 at 10:04

Your Answer


By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.