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I'm running lubuntu 10.10, and would like to upgrade to 11.04. I have a very temperamental internet connection, so would like to download all the packages before running the install.

According to this, there is no easy way to do this. The bug report mentioned in that thread is still open.

My question: Is there a way to hack do-release-upgrade to only download the packages, kind of like adding a "-d" to apt-get dist-upgrade?

Or is doing it manually the only way to get the results I desire?

If I have to do it manually, are these the steps needed to do it, or am I missing something?:

  1. Disable 3rd party repositories in /etc/apt/sources.list and /etc/apt/sources.list
  2. Change repositories in /etc/apt/sources.list from maverick to natty
  3. run sudo apt-get update
  4. run sudo apt-get -d dist-upgrade to only download the packages. Do this as many times as necessary until all the packages are downloaded.
  5. run sudo apt-get dist-upgrade to complete the upgrade process
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That seems close to what I would have done. –  Jo-Erlend Schinstad Jul 27 '11 at 18:25
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4 Answers

up vote 4 down vote accepted

Your first four steps are correct, but step 5 should be sudo do-release-upgrade (instead of sudo apt-get dist-upgrade). It should notice that all (or most) of the packages it was going to download are already present in /var/cache/apt/archives.

In some earlier versions of do-release-upgrade there was a bug where it would clean /var/cache/apt/archives before downloading the packages anew, but IIRC that bug's been fixed.

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I did this and it worked. –  Menachem Aug 29 '11 at 15:01
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Disclaimer: I've never done this before. It might be a horrible idea. It might break everything, empty your bank accounts and flee to the south of Spain. As with anything potentially dangerous, make a backup before you do anything.


I'm not sure how much stuff you have installed, so this might be a flawed solution but you can upgrade from CD. Download the Alternate iso, mount it, and run the upgrade script.

wget -c http://releases.ubuntu.com/11.04/ubuntu-11.04-alternate-amd64.iso

Before I go any further, you don't have to use wget to get the image. Bittorrent will work well as with a standard download manager. The important thing is you want something that will resume, so you can stop downloading and pick it up at another time. This is what wget's -c flag will do.

Once you have the ISO, the next step is fairly simple:

sudo mount -o loop ubuntu-11.04-alternate-amd64.iso /media/cdrom
sudo sh /media/cdrom/cdromupgrade

The flaw that I talked about is this will only upgrade things integral to Ubuntu that are included on the CD. It won't upgrade your other packages.

In theory this should be fine. You might find that some applications break, some might be forcibly removed by the updater, but the core OS should remain stable.

If my theory is right, this will then let you upgrade your other packages using as and when you want to through Synaptic or (if you install it) aptitude.

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What if the south of Spain is closer? –  Matt Joiner Jun 23 '12 at 12:19
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There is a way to get the update manager to do steps 1-3 for you.

  1. Run sudo update-manager from a terminal window in the GUI (this is important)

    • Start the update manager, tell it you want to upgrade to the next version of Ubuntu, and let it start running. It will disable 3rd party repositories, change the main repositories to the latest version, and then run sudo apt-get update.
    • It will then pop up a screen telling you that in order run the update, it will have to add, delete, etc. packages.
    • At this stage, go to the terminal window and force-quit the program using CTRL-C. [If you don't do this, and cancel the update via the cancel button of the update manager, it will revert the changes ].
  2. run sudo apt-get -d dist-upgrade from the command line as many times as necessary, until all the packages are downloaded and ready to install

  3. run sudo do-release-upgrade and let it complete the upgrade with the already downloaded packages.

  4. Re-enable 3rd party repositories, and run sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade again to update 3rd party repositories to the latest version (make sure the repositories are updated to the latest release of ubuntu)

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I wrote a script to do this, for my own upgrade of multiple machines to Ubuntu 14.04 "trusty". It is called 'apt-get-other-release'. Simple use:

$ sudo apt-get-other-release -t trusty
  [ a long time passes as it downloads stuff ]
$ sudo apt-get-other-release -U
  [ it prepares the system for upgrade -- this is quick ]
$ sudo do-release-upgrade   # or update-manager, whatever you're comfortable with
  [ upgrading also takes a long time and may still download some additional stuff ]

The script is at:

ftp://www.lubkin.com/pub/user/filbo/apt-get-other-release

and version 1.0 has sha1sum: 87a466b2bb2d1ac5b0a08509246a450b8d1c7617

Behind the scenes it's basically running apt-get update; apt-get -d dist-upgrade with its own private set of sources.list files. Results are stored in /var/cache/apt-$to_rel/archives, and the '-U' flag copies those into system-wide /var/cache/apt/archives so that they will be present during your upgrade.

You could also copy the upgrade archive from one local host to another, saving bandwidth. I did this for an amd64 and an i386 upgrade, copying only those *.deb which didn't have "amd64" in their names; then ran another apt-get-other-release -t trusty on the i386 machine, which downloaded another large pile of packages since the two machines had different stuff installed on them.

Feedback appreciated; email cc appreciated, as I don't know when I will next look at askubuntu. Search engines are well aware of me.

NOTE: I have not actually done an upgrade of a system so-treated! Some time in the next week. Getting this script out while it might be of some use to people.

>Bela<

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