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Some times I have to deal with XPS files (XPS is a Microsoft's rival to Adobe's PDF format, technically a zipped XAML (XML)).

Can I view them in Ubuntu? Or, maybe, I could even produce them?

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4 Answers 4

Okular, the KDE pdf viewer, supports XPS. The package name is okular I'm not aware of any GNOME/GTK+ viewers that support XPS, though according to this evince bug in upstream GNOME support has been added. It's not working for me in Maverick....

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Okular did the job but Arabic characters are garbled. –  Tarik May 13 '14 at 7:52

Evince has XPS support now. Check: http://projects.gnome.org/evince/?guid=ON

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Google Docs also supports this format as of February 2011: googledocs.blogspot.com/2011/02/… –  Tom Brossman Dec 23 '11 at 7:13
Did you know, MS SampleXpsDocuments archive is a Win32 executable and weights 159 MiB? :-) I am going to check the answer (to know it Evince XPS support is really usable) as soon as I find a sane XPS file to try... –  Ivan Dec 27 '11 at 5:24
Does Evince really support XPS? The link below the list doesn't say so. And it doesn't work here. –  Jakob Mar 14 '12 at 9:03
@Jakob evince upstream supports it, but the package in ubuntu does not currenty use it. It requires a package libgxps which was just included in 12.04 and to be enabled in evince package, which is underway - there is no guarantee though because we're a bit late. See askubuntu.com/questions/112852/… and "XPS not supported" –  medigeek Mar 26 '12 at 16:51
Evince showed my XPS file as a blank page. –  Tarik May 13 '14 at 7:55

Your best bet for writing them may be to try to build the GhostXPS component of GhostPDL (part of the Ghostscript suite); I don't know if this has ever been pacakged for Ubuntu, and I don't have first-hand experience with it.

Inkscape can both read and write .xaml files. I suppose it could even be used to convert, e.g., .pdf or .svg to .xaml. I don't know, however, whether or not it can handle .xps files directly (perhaps not).

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Inkskape failed to read my xps file –  Tarik May 13 '14 at 7:13

To me, the most suitable solution on my 12.04 computer was to convert the XPS file to PDF on the command line through

xpstopdf file.xps

and viewing the newly created file.pdf using whatever PDF viewer (acroread in my case).

This required installing the package libgxps-utils.

(Evince did not open the XPS file that I ran into, at least out of the box, but complained "File type Zip archive (application/zip) is not supported".)

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xpstopdf crashed when invoked. –  Tarik May 13 '14 at 7:53
Same here - error message was "Error creating XPS file: Invalid XPS File: fixedrepresentation not found" –  Steve Kroon Jul 29 '14 at 8:08

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