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Maven 2 is in the repositories, but not Maven 3. How do I properly install Maven 3? Guides that I found don't really work properly.

I am using Natty, but I am sure this won't change anything.

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4 Answers 4

up vote 21 down vote accepted

Maven3 is the default in Ubuntu 12.04 (precise)

Maven2 is the latest in the repositories for 11.10.

PPAs for maven3 seem rather scarce - here is one for maverick - although not the very latest version available.

The best advice is to stay with the stable version available for your distro version.

However if you like to keep up-to-date yourself it is very straightforward to download the code and install yourself.

Download the .tar.gz file from here and follow the installation guidance on the same web-page

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I will try and use the package in the repo you linked me to to guide my steps. –  nickguletskii Jun 19 '11 at 19:25
    
Right, this works. Thanks - I extracted files from the archive manually and replaced everything in /usr/share/maven3/ with files from the tar. –  nickguletskii Jun 19 '11 at 19:36
    
tried this but it did not work. after closing the terminal it could not recognized the mvn command –  user962206 Jun 19 '13 at 9:03
    
@user962206 - please ask a new question. –  fossfreedom Jun 19 '13 at 9:43
    
I already did askubuntu.com/questions/310059/… –  user962206 Jun 19 '13 at 11:53

I upgraded but got a classnotfound error. To fix this:

After spending some time trying various combinations , I found that this is because I have both M2_HOME and M3_HOME set in my environment variables.Once I removed M2_HOME from my environment variables, I could get this working back again.May be this could save some serious time for some one.

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BTW: to remove M2_HOME from ubuntu: see /etc/environment –  RobAu Jan 18 '13 at 17:03

I have made a new script that should not only install Maven + add it to bin, but picks up if you are using Ubuntu as a VirtualBox guest and then attempts to mount existing '.m2' and maven folder which may/may not contain existing settings.

Maven remains the same if it runs on Windows or Unix, so you can use same Maven between both is this is your VirtualBox setup...

PS. Note the build of scripts that can mount/unmount shared folders from the /usr/local/bin :)

#!/bin/bash
#Author: Yucca Nel http://thejarbar.org
#Will restart system
PATH="/sbin:/usr/sbin:/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/local/bin:."
export PATH

#Modify these variables as needed...
tempWork=/tmp/work
defaultStartScript=/etc/init.d/rc.local
defaultMaven=3.0.3
locBin=/usr/local/bin
mavenUsrLib=/usr/lib/maven

mkdir -p $mavenUsrLib
mkdir -p $HOME/.m2

read -p "Please [Enter] full path name of your local startup script ($defaultStartScript is the default). Please
make sure on this before providing a value by consulting documentation for your system:" locStartScript
locStartScript=${locStartScript:-$defaultStartScript}

read -p "Please [Enter] Maven Version ($defaultMaven is default):" mavenVersion
mavenVersion=${mavenVersion:-$defaultMaven}


if [ ! -f $locStartScript ]
then
    echo "The file you provided could not be found. Remember to include the full path and try again. Exiting in 7 secs..."
    sleep 7
    exit 1
fi

mkdir -p /$tempWork
cd /$tempWork

sudo wget http://mirrors.powertech.no/www.apache.org/dist//maven/binaries/apache-maven-$mavenVersion-bin.tar.gz
tar -zxvf ./*

#Move it to a more logical location
sudo mv -f ./apache-maven-$mavenVersion $mavenUsrLib/

#If you have Maven on Windows and use VirtualBox, you can set up the maven to be a virtualbox shared folder.
#The name must match the name used below (ignore if irrelevant to you).


if [ -f /sbin/mount.vboxsf ]
then
    sudo /sbin/umount $HOME/.m2
    sudo /sbin/umount $mavenUsrLib
    sudo /sbin/mount.vboxsf .m2 $HOME/.m2
    sudo /sbin/mount.vboxsf maven $mavenUsrLib
fi

if mountpoint -q $HOME/.m2 &&  mountpoint -q $mavenUsrLib
then
#Add it to the start script to automate process...
    sudo sed -ie '$d' $locStartScript
if ! grep "sudo /sbin/mount.vboxsf .m2 $HOME/.m2" $locStartScript
then
    echo "sudo /sbin/mount.vboxsf .m2 $HOME/.m2" | sudo tee -a $locStartScript
fi

if ! grep "sudo /sbin/mount.vboxsf maven $mavenUsrLib" $locStartScript
then
    echo "sudo /sbin/mount.vboxsf maven $mavenUsrLib" | sudo tee -a $locStartScript
fi
    echo "exit 0" | sudo tee -a $locStartScript
    sudo chmod +x $locStartScript

#Create a mount and unmount script file...
    rm -rf $tempWork/*
    echo '#!/bin/bash' > $tempWork/maven-mount.sh
    echo "sudo /sbin/mount.vboxsf .m2 $HOME/.m2" >> $tempWork/maven-mount.sh
    echo "sudo /sbin/mount.vboxsf maven $mavenUsrLib" >> $tempWork/maven-mount.sh
    echo "echo 'mounted maven'" >> $tempWork/maven-mount.sh
    echo "exit 0" >> $tempWork/maven-mount.sh

    echo '#!/bin/bash' > $tempWork/maven-umount.sh
    echo "sudo umount $HOME/.m2" >> $tempWork/netbeans-umount.sh
    echo "sudo umount $mavenUsrLib" >> $tempWork/netbeans-umount.sh
    echo "echo 'unmounted maven'" >> $tempWork/maven-mount.sh
    echo 'exit 0' >> $tempWork/maven-umount.sh

#Script for mounting ALL VirtualBox shared solders....
#If there isn't one create one...
if [ ! -f $locBin/mount-all-from-host.sh ]
then
    echo '#!/bin/bash' > $tempWork/mount-all-from-host.sh
    echo "sudo /sbin/mount.vboxsf .m2 $HOME/.m2" | sudo tee -a $tempWork/mount-all-from-host.sh
    echo "sudo /sbin/mount.vboxsf maven $mavenUsrLib" | sudo tee -a $tempWork/mount-all-from-host.sh
    echo "exit 0" | sudo tee -a $tempWork/mount-all-from-host.sh

#Otherwise if there is one, but no mount, add one...
elif ! grep "sudo /sbin/mount.vboxsf .m2 $HOME/.m2" $locBin/mount-all-from-host.sh
then
    sudo sed -ie '$d' $locBin/mount-all-from-host.sh
    echo "sudo /sbin/mount.vboxsf .m2 $HOME/.m2" | sudo tee -a $locBin/mount-all-from-host.sh
    echo "exit 0" | sudo tee -a $locBin/mount-all-from-host.sh

elif ! grep "sudo /sbin/mount.vboxsf maven $mavenUsrLib" $locBin/mount-all-from-host.sh
then
    sudo sed -ie '$d' $locBin/mount-all-from-host.sh
    echo "sudo /sbin/mount.vboxsf maven $mavenUsrLib" | sudo tee -a $locBin/mount-all-from-host.sh
    echo "exit 0" | sudo tee -a $locBin/mount-all-from-host.sh

fi

#Script for unmounting ALL VirtualBox shared folders...
#If there isn't one create one...
if [ ! -f $locBin/umount-all-from-host.sh ]
then
    echo '#!/bin/bash' > $tempWork/umount-all-from-host.sh
    echo "sudo umount -a -t vboxsf" | sudo tee -a $tempWork/umount-all-from-host.sh
    echo "echo 'unmounted all VirtualBox shared folders'" | sudo tee -a $tempWork/umount-all-from-host.sh
    echo "exit 0" | sudo tee -a $tempWork/umount-all-from-host.sh
fi

    sudo chmod +x $tempWork/*
    sudo mv -f $tempWork/*.sh $locBin/
    rm -rf $tempWork
fi

sudo ln -f -s $mavenUsrLib/apache-maven-$mavenVersion/bin/* /usr/bin/
sudo rm -rf $tempWork
sudo reboot

exit 0
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Here is a maven3 PPA that worked fine for me on 64 bit Ubuntu 11.10

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:natecarlson/maven3
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install maven3

If you have maven2 already installed from canonical repos this will not replace it but give you a mvn3 binary.

If you prefer to have the binary called mvn instead of mvn3 you can simply do the following:

sudo ln -s /usr/bin/mvn3 /usr/bin/mvn

Source

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