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How do I install node.js in Ubuntu? I've been looking around, and I can't find anything. Is there a Ubuntu package for node.js, or do I have to compile it myself?

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You can also update node.js with npm davidwalsh.name/upgrade-nodejs –  mohsin saeed May 22 at 7:54
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6 Answers 6

up vote 80 down vote accepted

You can use this node.js PPA:

ppa:chris-lea/node.js Launchpad logo (Click here for instructions on using PPAs.)

If you're on Ubuntu Server, first do this:

sudo apt-get install python-software-properties

Then, do this:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:chris-lea/node.js
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install nodejs

Then, you have the latest version of node.js installed.

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12.10 now includes this so you can just run sudo apt-get install nodejs –  hafichuk Oct 24 '12 at 16:12
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@hafichuk you've been able to do that for a few cycles now - however, getting it straight from the source (Official PPA) means you'll get better support and security updates. –  jrg Oct 25 '12 at 0:36
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Remember to run sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install python-software-properties if you are on ubuntu-server –  Kieran Andrews Apr 2 '13 at 2:37
    
@hafichuk: not the latest one though, which causes incompatibility errors while installing modules using npm –  vartec Oct 23 '13 at 12:31
    
@vartec correct. –  jrg Oct 23 '13 at 12:34
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Yes, go to Synaptic, search for "nodejs". The packages are located in the universe repository. I suggest you install all of the packages starting with nodejs if you are doing development.

Just in case that doesn't work:

sudo apt-get install g++ curl libssl-dev apache2-utils git-core
git clone git://github.com/joyent/node.git
cd node
./configure
make
sudo make install

That will download the sourcecode of node.js, make it and install it.

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Wouldn't "sudo apt-get build-dep nodejs" be more appropriate than your "apt-get install" line? –  freddyb Jun 18 '11 at 16:10
    
@freddyb Doesn't hurt to have it like this. –  nickguletskii Jun 18 '11 at 16:20
    
Thanks for your answer - however, I recently discovered that node.js has a "officially unofficial" PPA - so I answered with that, since it wouldn't be polite to rewrite your entire answer with the "correct" instructions. –  jrg Nov 28 '11 at 1:23
    
However I prefer this solution instead of sudo apt-get install nodejs, this last doesn't give you the latest version. –  Rubens Mariuzzo Jan 12 '13 at 19:28
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@rubens not if you use the PPA I describe above. –  jrg Oct 23 '13 at 12:35
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Node is one of the easier projects to build. Just change the version as that continues to change.

$ cd /usr/local/src
$ wget http://nodejs.org/dist/v0.8.21/node-v0.8.21.tar.gz
$ tar -xvzf node-v0.8.21.tar.gz
$ cd node-v0.8.21
$ ./configure
$ make
$ sudo make install
$ which node

You should see /usr/local/bin/node.

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Chris Lea PPA offers the most updated compiled version of Node.js.

Whom (and how) could I beg to maintain official "universe" version of Node.js as updated as Chris Lea's version?

I'd like to install official package from official repositories...Maybe it's a sillyness, but doing this gives me a feeling that there's more than just one person behind the future maintenance of the package.

Thanks

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Looks like he can't put it into the repositories. twitter.com/chrislea/status/351941395893862402 also, he works for mediatemple, and there have been talks of an official nodejs ppa, just like there is for nginx. –  jrg Jul 4 '13 at 1:02
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Use nvm which allows you to use multiple versions of node (analogous to rvm and virtualenv, widely considered best practice in Ruby and Python communities).

It downloads a precompiled binary where possible, and if not compiles for you.

Example:

curl https://raw.github.com/creationix/nvm/master/install.sh | sh
source ~/.nvm/nvm.sh

# May take a while if compilation required:
nvm install 0.9.0
nvm install 0.9.9

node use 0.9.0
node --version
#v0.9.0
node use 0.9.9
node --version
#v0.9.9

Since the sourcing has to be done for every new shell, you will probably want to:

echo 'source ~/.nvm/nvm.sh
nvm use 0.9.9 &>/dev/null
' >> ~/.bashrc
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I am always leery of using a non-official PPA - it usually works out, but I like there to be some level of official association between the distribution channel and the project that I am using...

Personally, this is the best bang for my buck when it comes to a resource for the many good ways to install Node - https://gist.github.com/isaacs/579814

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