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How do I install Java and also in my browser so websites with Java work?

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11 Answers 11

up vote 44 down vote accepted

Installing OpenJDK is not enough for enabling Java in browsers. You'll also need to install the icedtea-7-plugin package:

Install via the software center

A restart of the browser might be required.

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I made a text based java installer using terminal commands. It uses wget, tar, update-alternatives, and ln. It will install the Oracle JRE with the firefox plugin. You can download the installer from Google Drive here. Then put in your home folder, open terminal and type bash Install. Then it will run the installer in terminal. It uses sudo, so you will need to type your password after it downloads. Also, this is the 64 bit version, so I will add the 32 bit later

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If you are missing java in Firefox, then

plug=~/.mozilla/plugins/libnpjp2.so && 
test -e $plug && readlink -f $plug || 
  ln -f -s `find ~ -wholename '*jdk*lib*libnpjp2.so' -or -wholename '*jre*lib*libnpjp2.so' | head -n 1` `dirname $plug` && 
ls -la $plug

This script will overwrite libnpjp2.so even if it exists but points to wrong file (e.g. symlink broken).

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Oracle Java 8 was just released (stable). To install it in Ubuntu, you can use the WebUpd8 Java PPA:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/java
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install oracle-java8-installer

The PPA itself doesn't provide Oracle Java 8 binaries (that's not allowed by the Oracle Java license). Instead, an installer is used that automatically download and install Oracle Java 8. Using this PPA, you'll also receive automatic Java 8 updates.

More information and some tips on using / further configuring Oracle Java 8 @ WebUpd8: Install Oracle Java 8 In Ubuntu Via PPA Repository [JDK8]

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There are several implementations of Java, the 3 most common implementations when talking about it for Ubuntu are:

  • OpenJDK: The primary goal of the OpenJDK project is to produce an open-source implementation of the Java SE Platform (6 and 7). This is the default version of Java that Ubuntu uses and is the easiest to install.
  • Sun Java: Sun Java is the reference implementation for Java 6. It's support has been discontinued in Ubuntu.
  • Oracle Java: Oracle Java is the OpenJDK Java Se Platform version 7 implementation from Oracle. Oracle introduced with this implementation a license that prevents distribution.

Since Ubuntu 11.10 and due to license issues Ubuntu will no longer distribute Oracle's JDK and JRE. Also previous versions supplied on PPAs suffer from security issues are are not recommended to be installed on any Ubuntu system.

There are no more supported .deb releases from Ubuntu with reference to Sun Java or Oracle Java, Ubuntu officially supports OpenJDK and OpenJRE implementation of Java which is the base for Oracle's own implementation.

OpenJRE is the official implementation of Java Runtime Environment for your Ubuntu systems and should suffice to run any Java program that you might require and its included in the main repo and its easily installable.

OpenJRE

Install via the software center

Or by opening a terminal and typing

sudo apt-get install openjdk-7-jre

The openjdk-7-jre package contains just the Java Runtime Environment. If you want to develop Java programs then install the openjdk-7-jdk package:

Install via the software center


Also important is to install the wrapper for supporting Java applications on your web browser Iced-Tea Java Plugin.

IcedTea Plugin

Install via the software center

or via a terminal

sudo apt-get install icedtea-plugin

Or look for icedtea-plugin in the Ubuntu Software Center


To make sure that you are running the correct version of Java use this command to set your choice

sudo update-alternatives --config java

java -version should display the choice you previously made.


If you need to install OpenJDK-JRE6 or OpenJDK-JDK6

openjdk-6-jre (click to install) is available for installation for Ubuntu 8.04 and up.

Install it with

sudo apt-get install openjdk-6-jre

Or if you need the developers package openjdk-6-jdk (click to install) install it with

sudo apt-get install openjdk-6-jdk

A version of the icedtea-plugin (click to install) is also available to install if you are going to use OpenJDK6.

Install it with

sudo apt-get install icedtea6-plugin

If you really want to use Oracle's Java Se Platform

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Open your terminal with Ctrl+Alt+T and:

Now this will install the latest Java version

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/java
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install oracle-java7-installer
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Thanks a lot... but i tried the last sentence "sudo update-alternatives --config java" says "There is only one alternative in link group java (providing /usr/bin/java): /usr/lib/jvm/java-7-oracle/jre/bin/java Nothing to configure." How this is supposed to check if it is in use ??? –  Septrba Mar 2 '13 at 14:35
    
@Septrba You have only "one" Java version installed, only one can be in use, and it's the one you have installed. If you had more than one installed, it would list and show which one is in use. Probably shouldn't have added that to my answer, since it was probably more confusing than helpful. :P –  pileofrocks Mar 4 '13 at 20:39

Installing OpenJDK - Recommended

The simplest way to install Java on Ubuntu is to use OpenJDK. This will work fine for most people. To install it, click on the small button with the Ubuntu logo on it, as shown in the screenshot below.

enter image description here

After opening the Dash Home, you need to type in Terminal. Click on the icon that is circled in the screenshot below.

enter image description here

This will open the Terminal, which is Ubuntu's version the the Windows Command prompt, though the Terminal has many more features. Now, copy and paste the following command into the Terminal window. You will need to use ControlShiftV to paste text into the terminal.

sudo apt-get install -y openjdk-7-jre openjdk-7-jdk

You will need to enter your password to use this command. Although it will not show up in the Terminal, it will still be entered when you type it. After running this command, you will be set up to run and develop Java applications.

Installing Oracle Java

OpenJDK works fine for most people, but if you play Minecraft, you will want to use Oracle Java instead. To install Oracle Java, run the command below one at a time in the Terminal.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/java
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install oracle-java7-installer

This will download Java from Oracle's website, and install it for you.

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4  
-1 for 3 major reasons: 1 - JDK and JRE alone are not enough to enable java in Web Browsers. You still need icedtea-plugin package (icedtea6-plugin or icedtea7-plugin, the one that matches your java); 2 - JDK already includes the JRE, so no need to install both. Choose either JRE for regular users (like the OP) or JDK for java developers. 3 - Since you had the trouble to post nice screenshots, why suggest the terminal route? Software Center is much more friendly and recommended in this case –  MestreLion Mar 19 '13 at 2:28

For installing Oracle Java 7:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/java
sudo apt-get update
sudo mkdir -p /usr/lib/mozilla/plugins #just in case, this will be added to the package in the next version
sudo apt-get install oracle-jdk7-installer
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There are a few ways to install Java in Ubuntu:

Install OpenJDK (The open source equivalent to Sun's Java) directly from Ubuntu Software Center. All you need to do is search for Java. That tends to work as is for me.

If you need Sun's Java, say if you want to play Minecraft, you download the JRE as you described from Java.com, but make sure your .bin-file can be executed. You do that by opening a terminal and typing the following (I will assume you have it in your Downloads folder so change the cd line accordingly if that's not where it is):

cd /home/user/Downloads
sudo chmod +x jre-6u31-linux-i586.bin

Then, you should be able to close your terminal, right click on your .bin-file and select "Execute", which should run the installer. If this is not an option, just do the following from terminal (in the same folder as the two other actions):

./jre-6u31-linux-i586.bin

That simply runs the specified file and if you successfully typed in the two first lines, the installation.

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Unfortunately, because of issues with its license, Oracle Java is no longer distributed within the official Ubuntu repositories. You have two main options: either try OpenJDK -- an open source replacement for Oracle Java -- or proceed with the "manual" installation (which is exactly what you were trying to do). Both these options are described on the help wiki: https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Java. This page also include some other alternatives that, depending on your needs, you may find more suitable.

Just a side note: most of the time, with Ubuntu, you should not download software from the Internet, but rather use the Ubuntu Software Center. The software you'll find there is ensured to be stable, safe and to respect the standard conventions of the system. Oracle Java is just an exception to this rule.

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Just go to Aplications --> Ubuntu software center and then search for Java. enter image description here

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1  
Your answer would be that the OP installs the previous Java Runtime Environment, and not the latest version jre-6u25-linux-i586.bin –  scouser73 Jun 13 '11 at 14:33
1  
Scouser73, jre-6u25-linux-i586.bin sounds like the proprietary Java implementation from Oracle. This question is about OpenJDK. –  Lekensteyn Jun 13 '11 at 19:01
    
The one that is marked (in orange) is the open-jdk java6 runtime! –  Alvar Jun 13 '11 at 19:27
    
scouser73 is referring to a security update of Oracle Java. I don't know if the current version if affected, the installed JRE version is 6b22 but bear in mind that this is unrelated to the version number of Oracle Java, see dbhole.wordpress.com/2011/05/27/… –  Lekensteyn Jun 13 '11 at 19:33
    
well, Scouser73 had problems with a we page. I only use the jdk and that is all I ever need so I thought it would help. –  Alvar Jun 13 '11 at 20:38

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