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I want to connect a Wiimote. I'm running natty and would like to control an audio-player with my Wiimote. Is that possible?

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2 Answers 2

up vote 11 down vote accepted

Edit: Rinzwind tipped me off on a launchpad project called "wiican". Apparently it is implemented as an indicator applet and allows to customise your wii-actions. You could bind e.g. amarok -t to a wiibutton.


You're in luck, and you don't even know how much. It took me a while and a bit of research but: I wrote a script to do just that a while back. It works with Amarok and Totem, though it could easily be modified to control other players (provided they have a command line interface). Give me a few minutes to write a few comments together. Then I will edit this answer and post it.

  • Features:
    • Check battery status of the Wiimote.
    • Switch an led on the Wiimote.
    • Start Amarok.
    • Pause/contiue playing.
    • Skip to next/last track.
    • Control the system volume over alsamixer

You will need python and python-cwiid Install python-cwiid / sudo apt-get install python-cwiid installed. You can do that while waiting.

Edit:

Blow is the script. Just run it in a terminal.

#!/usr/bin/python
# indent-mode: spaces, indentsize: 4, encoding: utf-8
# © 2011 [email protected]
# Use permitted under MIT license:
# http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php (NO WARRANTY IMPLIED)
"""A Wiimote script to control totem and amarok under Ubuntu.

Provides a rudimentary interface to:
-Check battery status of the Wiimote.
-Switch an led on the Wiimote.
-Start Amarok.
-Pause/contiue playing.
-Skip to next/last track.
-Control the system volume over pulseaudio

Needs the package 'python-cwiid', 'amarok' and or 'totem' to be installed.

Globals:

wiimote -- the wiimote object
led -- the status of the led (on/off)

"""

import cwiid
import sys
import os

def main():
    """PC-side interface handles interaction between pc and user.

    b -- battery status
    l -- toggle led
    q -- quit
    h -- print help
    """
    global wiimote
    connect_wiimote()

    #Print help text ont startup
    print 'Confirm each command with ENTER.'
    hlpmsg =    'Press q to quit\n'\
                'b for battery status\n'\
                'l to toggle the led on/off\n'\
                'h or any other key to display this message.'
    print hlpmsg

    #Main loop for user interaction
    doLoop = True
    while doLoop:
        c = sys.stdin.read(1)
        if c == 'b':    # battery status
            state = wiimote.state
            bat = int(100.0 * state['battery'] / cwiid.BATTERY_MAX)
            print bat
        elif c == 'l':  # toggle led
            toggle_led()
        elif c == 'q':  # exit program
            doLoop = False
        elif c == '\n': # ignore newlines
            pass
        else:           # print help message when no valid command is issued
            print hlpmsg

    #Close connection and exit
    wiimote.close()

def connect_wiimote():
    """Connets your computer to a Wiimote."""
    print 'Put Wiimote in discoverable mode now (press 1+2)...'
    global wiimote
    while True:
        try:
            wiimote = cwiid.Wiimote(#add address of Wiimote here for speedup)
            break
        except:
            continue
    wiimote.mesg_callback = callback
    #Set Wiimote options
    global led
    led = True
    wiimote.led = cwiid.LED1_ON
    wiimote.rpt_mode = cwiid.RPT_BTN
    wiimote.enable(cwiid.FLAG_MESG_IFC)

def callback(mesg_list, time):
    """Handels the interaction between Wiimote and user.

    A and B together    -- toggle led
    A                   -- play/pause
    up / down           -- fast forward / backward
    right / left        -- next / previous trakc
    + / -               -- increase / decreas volume

    """
    for mesg in mesg_list:
        # Handle Buttonpresses - add hex-values for simultaneous presses
        # Buttons not listed: 0x4 - B, 0x1 - 2, 0x2 - 1 | just babytown frolics
        if mesg[0] == cwiid.MESG_BTN:
            if mesg[1] == 0x8:      # A botton
                player_control('playpause')
            elif mesg[1] == 0xC:    # A and B together
                toggle_led()
            elif mesg[1] == 0x800:  # Up botton
                player_control('ffwd')
            elif mesg[1] == 0x100:  # Left botton
                player_control('lasttrack')
            elif mesg[1] == 0x200:  # Right botton
                player_control('nexttrack')
            elif mesg[1] == 0x400:  # Down botton
                player_control('fbwd')
            elif mesg[1] == 0x10:   # Minus botton
                change_volume(-1)
            elif mesg[1] == 0x1000: # Plus botton
                change_volume(1)
            elif mesg[1] == 0x80:   # home botton
                shut_down()
        # Handle errormessages
        elif mesg[0] == cwiid.MESG_ERROR:
            global wiimote
            wiimote.close()
            connect_wiimote()

def change_volume(change):
    """Changes system's master volume."""
    cmd = "amixer get Master | grep 'Front Left' | grep -oP '(?<=Playback\ )\d+'"
    fin,fout = os.popen4(cmd)
    currVol = int( fout.read() )
    newVol = currVol + change
    os.system( "amixer set Master "+str(newVol) )

def toggle_led():
    """Toggles first led on Wiimote on/off."""
    global led
    if led == True:
        led = False
        wiimote.led = 0
    else:
        led = True
        wiimote.led = cwiid.LED1_ON

def player_control(action):
    """Controls Amarok or Totem - depending on wich one is running.

    Totem takes precedence over Amarok if running. If none is running, Amarok
    will be started ant take the command.

    """
    print action
    # Check if totem is running
    cmd = "ps -A | grep -oP 'totem'"
    fin,fout = os.popen4(cmd)
    isTotem = fout.read()
    isTotem = isTotem.find('totem') != -1
    # Do the actual player action
    if action == 'nexttrack':
        if isTotem:
            cmd = "totem --next"
        else:
            cmd = "amarok -f"
    elif action == 'lasttrack':
        if isTotem:
            cmd = "totem --previous"
        else:
            cmd = "amarok -r"
    elif action == 'playpause':
        if isTotem:
            cmd = "totem --play-pause"
        else:
            cmd = "amarok -t"
    elif action == 'ffwd':
        if isTotem:
            cmd = "totem --seek-fwd"
    elif action == 'fbwd':
        if isTotem:
            cmd = "totem --seek-bwd"
    os.system(cmd)

main()
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Wow. Thanks a lot. You're the killer! A GUI would have been nice too but nevermind. It's perfect. –  jordannormalform Jun 13 '11 at 0:33
    
Glad you like it. A gui would be overkill for just toggling a led and query the battery status. But feel free to write it on your own. –  con-f-use Jun 13 '11 at 0:39

There is also a GUI program that sits on the system tray, called "Wiican". I used to use on previous versions of ubuntu before 11.04 (Natty) but now I can't seem to know how to install it with the PPA found at https://launchpad.net/wiican

It just connects and configures buttons as you wish, yet not perfect but I would call it great

will update the post once I find out how to install.

Edit: I was able to find a package at this link

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