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If I don't want to install a GUI, just install a minimal Ubuntu amd64.

Ok, but: I heard that I can still run e.g.: Firefox in a "framebuffer" (?), so I'm asking, that how can I run e.g.: a VLC media player through a framebuffer under console, without "GUI"?

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you can't run a gui element without a gui, how would you even play a video if you don't have a gui to draw a window for it. and i'm pretty sure that what you're referring to is this < – Uri Herrera Jun 4 '11 at 10:58
mplayer supports it. I can;t say I know anything about it, but a quick Google on "mplayer Linux framebuffer" came up with quite a bit, though most of what I saw were how-to's for other distros; Gentoo, Arch, etc. From what I gather you MAY have to do a specific compile of mplayer, or maybe not. But yes, you can do video from framebuffer. – mvario Jun 4 '11 at 16:40
up vote 9 down vote accepted
  • Make sure your console starts in framebuffer mode.
  • Add your user to 'video' group:
  • Install mplayer sudo apt-get install mplayer
  • Run mplayer -vo fbdev video.avi

I was able to run a videofile in framebuffer with a default installation if Ubuntu 11.10

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tested under Fedora14: it works. wow. :D lol. but how can i set it to run in full screen? – LanceBaynes Oct 17 '11 at 9:24
There is a scale argument '-vf scale=800x600' ... put your resolution. – Adi Roiban Oct 18 '11 at 7:47
mplayer -fs may start it in fullscreen – rogerdpack Apr 7 '14 at 20:35
To use a specific framebuffer device: mplayer -vo fbdev:/dev/fb1 video.avi – eosrei Apr 25 at 8:07

I use VLC (ncurses edition) via sudo apt-get install vlc-nox.

I also installed Alsa utilities, to control the volume sudo apt-get install alsa-utils.

You'll be downloading a lot of multimedia libraries, without the X windows stuff.

Make sure your userID is a member of video and audio groups.

You can kick off a DVD via vlc dvd:///dev/dvd.

Or as a local file vlc "~Videos/Fraggle Rock - Live By The Rule of the Rock.avi".

HDMI audio at the framebuffer level has been problematic for me.

Good luck!

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