I've never used any OS other than windows, but have decided to try ubuntu 14.04. I have 30GB of free space on the SSD and 200GB on the HDD. Now what partitions should I create?
I really have no idea how the file system in ubuntu works. I have been reading a lot and got a lot of conflicting information.
In Windows I use the SSD for the OS and smaller programs and the HDD for bigger programs, games and other large files. I want to do it similarly for ubuntu. I also want to be able to exchange files between Windows and ubuntu without them interfering.
So obviously /root should go on the SSD, as that takes most advantage of the SSD's speed? How big should /root be?
I seem to also need a /home partition. Where should I put that, if some of my programs should go on the SSD and some on the HDD? Is it possible to "split" /home between both? Or can I install programs outside of home? If yes, what would the disadvantages of that be? Should I install programs on home at all or is it simply the ubuntu equivalent to Windows' Appdata, and programs themselves should go somewhere completely different?
Lastly, what about swap? A lot of conflicting information on that. Some say you don't need it at all, some say it should be a fixed size, some say it needs to be more, the more ram you have. I have 8GB ram, which I almost never fully use and I do not plan on ever hibernating.
So as I understand it, swap is basically a reserve for when your ram is all in use. What's the worst thing that can happen, if I don't have swap? And why would it need to be larger if I have MORE ram? Shouldn't I need LESS "reserve", if I already have more "actual ram"? Also, why do I need an extra partition anyway? AFAIK windows simply uses a normal file pagefile.sys on the normal partition, which can easily be changed in size. What's the advantage of having an extra partition?
Also, if I do need swap, where should I put it? Some sources they it wears out the SSD much more quickly, others say that won't be a problem for over 20 years and swap benefits hugely from being on the SSD.
Sorry if my questions sound stupid, I'm long-term Windows user, who was just convinced to try ubuntu.
Thanks in advance for any help you can give a ubuntu beginner!