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Before anyone bash/trolls me let me admit first that I'm a total noob to Linux. I was looking into getting into it but apparently I jumped into the deep end of a foreign pool so to speak. I will need help as if I were 5. Please don't shun me off I'm really trying to learn my way around Linux.

I do offer this information:

Samsung NP300E5C Laptop http://paste.ubuntu.com/7360035/

The story: I had windows 7 and 8 on an internal HDD. Installed Ubuntu & Zorin to an external.

I can't: access BIOS, boot from CD, boot to my internal (windows) HDD

I can: Boot Ubuntu, Boot Zorin, Have access to a different windows PC

Short term Goal:

  1. Fix / gain access to windows, OR

  2. Flash my BIOS so that I may boot from CD or flash drive (I'd prefer the first and I can't use flashrom for a laptop)

END Goal: Four different OS's total on 2 different HDDs

  1. Dual boot Windows 7 & 8 (bootloader, menu, OS selector... whatever) on my internal hard drive

  2. Dual boot Ubuntu (non-live) and Zorin (also non-live) on an external hard drive

  3. All OS's falling under one Windows loader list

If there is anything I'm missing that can help anyone figure out how please let me know.

Thanks in advanced to anyone who helps.

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closed as off-topic by darent, psusi, LiveWireBT, Javier Rivera, Rinzwind Apr 30 at 7:14

This question appears to be off-topic. The users who voted to close gave this specific reason:

  • "This is not about Ubuntu. Questions about other Linux distributions can be asked on Unix & Linux, those about Windows on Super User, those about Apple products on Ask Different and generic programming questions on Stack Overflow." – darent, psusi, LiveWireBT, Javier Rivera, Rinzwind
If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

    
You installed Ubuntu and it boots. ✓ GRUB in Ubuntu is configured to detect other operating systems on mounted filesystems, so running update-grub should add them. Please have a look at your system manual on page 80. Ubuntu did not mess with your Windows installations as far as I can see (the other bootloaders for Windows you installed did that) -> offtopic. –  LiveWireBT Apr 29 at 22:52
    
Your goals have nothing to do with a problem in Ubuntu ;-) –  Rinzwind Apr 30 at 7:14

1 Answer 1

up vote 1 down vote accepted

If you really want Windows in control. But I really suggest using grub2 to boot from external drive. And only Windows to boot from internal drive when external not connected.

https://neosmart.net/forums/

But you have a mess. Do you want UEFI or BIOS? You seem to have newer hardware that is UEFI capable and installed Ubuntu in UEFI boot mode. Your other three installs seem to be in BIOS boot mode. The boot modes are not compatible and you can only then boot from UEFI menu and may have to turn on/off BIOS/CSM and/or UEFI boot modes. None will boot with secure boot on.

You have also installed grub2 to every PBR or partition boot sector, even swap? I did not know you could even do that. But grub does not recommend installing to a PBR as it does not have room to correctly install and has to convert to blocklists. Not recommended even if Neosmart suggests it.

You need to reinstall Ubuntu in external drive using BIOS. How you boot installer is how it installs. You do not have 4 partition issue, but this shows a Something Else install. Be sure to have bios_grub partition (sdc5 currently) on gpt partitioned sdc drive and choose to install grub boot loader to the external drive. One advantage of gpt is there is no 4 partition limit. Only linking to this to show install. There may be better Something else links somewhere.

My laptop already has 4 primary partitions, how can I install Ubuntu?

This is more the auto install option but shows some of the screens.

How do I install Ubuntu?

share|improve this answer
    
Thanks for the quick reply. I have no problems using Grub or windows to boot. To answer your question I don't know what UEFI is let alone to be able to tell the difference. I do know I prefer going through my bios as far as boot priority goes. I know what secure boot is but I don't know if I have it; and if so how to access it to turn it off. I have Paragon and easyBCD on the second computer. Now my questions is do you know of any ways to fix this or links to follow that will? –  Gohan8868 Apr 29 at 18:52
1  
In UEFI/BIOS you have settings for UEFI with secure boot, UEFI and BIOS/CSM/Legacy boot. You want BIOS boot for all installs unless you want to convert external to UEFI to experiment with UEFI. –  oldfred Apr 29 at 19:53
    
Remember I know little about Ubuntu. So exactly how do I get "in UEIFI/BIOS" to modify these setting. I want everything BIOS in this case. But can you baby me through this. 'm sorry I'm so new. –  Gohan8868 Apr 29 at 20:07
    
I think this forum is more for those looking for solutions and search the forum for those solutions. Yours is not anything unusual. UEFI/BIOS Boot keys - about halfway down on this Microsoft page social.technet.microsoft.com/wiki/contents/articles/… –  oldfred Apr 29 at 23:30
    
Thank You for your assistance and pointing me in the right direction. I'm sorry to bother. –  Gohan8868 Apr 30 at 2:40

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