I've been digging through the Lucid Bind9 package and I think Bind9 uses
/var/log/syslog as its default log. If the
/etc/init.d/bind9 is crashing with an error that outputs, I'd hope it shows up there.
If it's crashing before it can close, your only option might be running it manually (rather than the service). You'll need to pick through the
$OPTIONS that get set up in the service file and run
/usr/sbin/named with them. You also need to tell
resolveconf about the new nameserver. It's a bit tough to unravel but it's all in that service file.
The other option is you could assume it's a weird bug that's been fixed since. 12.04 is a minor version up and 14.04 (which will be released this month) is running 9.9. The other side of that argument is that they might not have fix it and it might have exotic, new bugs too... But support for 10.04 expires next year so it's something you'll need to consider anyway.