Alrighty, I have perused the threads already in existence and am finding none of them seem to have the exact combination of variables I've got going.
I'm working on a computer using Ubuntu 12.04. Currently, it boots straight into tty1
Ubuntu 12.04.4 LTS [computer name] tty1 [computer name] login: Password:
Login leads to:
Last login: Wed Mar 19 13:47:11MDT 2014 on tty1 Welcome to Ubuntu 12.04.4 LTS (GNU/Linux 3.2.0-32generic-pae i686
The owner of the computer stated that this issue happened after a recent update, if that gives anyone a hint as to the specific location of the graphics failure.
I'm capable of booting into the GUI utilizing
startx, but am frankly at a loss of where to go from here. Years of Windows has molded me into a GUI heavy kinda person, so, if possible, work off the assumption that I've no idea what you're talking about and break it down to the simplest of steps.