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How can I print the command line output directly to the printer.

I am using ubuntu server 12.04 and I have to copy files into a shared directory and then download them from a desktop ubuntu distribution to print them.

Any help is appreciated

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You didn't say if you'll be printing plain text or PDF. Some systems only support plain text out of the box, so this needs to be covered. –  alexis Mar 11 at 20:32
    
i dont know why they downvote my answer , just try it . –  nux Mar 12 at 0:16
    
@nux +1 All answers are great thanks you all –  kamil Mar 12 at 9:00
    
@alexis I am clear: I want to print console output. For example ls output directly to the printer –  kamil Mar 12 at 9:00
    
Oops, indeed you did say and I missed it, sorry! –  alexis Mar 12 at 18:31

5 Answers 5

up vote 7 down vote accepted

Mainly there are two default commands:

lpr and lp

man lpr gives the output:

lpr submits files for printing. Files named on the command line are sent to the named printer (or the default destination if no destination is specified). If no files are listed on the command-line, lpr reads the print file from the standard input.

man lp gives the output:

lp submits files for printing or alters a pending job. Use a filename of "-" to force printing from the standard input.

so easily use the command:

lp /path-to-file-to-print

Or

lpr /path-to-file-to-print
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You can use lp

For example:

man firefox | lp -d printername

This will print the man page from firefox to the specified printer

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To print a .txt file in a use :

command | lpr -P printername -p ( periority from 1 to 100 )

Example :

ls -l | lpr -P printername -p 1 
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If you have them installed, another pair of options worth knowing about are

and

These are useful for providing numbered pages with headings and optional line-numbers. You can also use then to print booklet style (e.g. two pages on each side of a sheet)

I use these with Postscript-capable printers but I believe that Ubuntu's print system can rasterize PS for any supported printer.

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this is a nice idea –  kamil Mar 12 at 9:02

The question is about how to print from the command line on a server, and it sounds like you don't yet have any printers defined on that system. I don't have a system to check on so the following are approximate, but they should give you the general idea:

  1. Make sure the CUPS system is installed and running. It provides the daemons that will handle your print jobs.
  2. Once this is up, you need to set up one or more network printers to print to. The usual way to install printers is with the Printer Admin utility, but you evidently aren't set up to run any GUI programs from your server-- just commandline access via ssh. Since you already have an Ubuntu desktop system on the same network, I'd try copying the contents of the directory /etc/cups from the desktop box to the server. It should contain all the printer definitions and drivers you need. Check the files for any necessary adjustments (in case your set-up mentions user IDs or passwords that differ between the two systems), restart cupsd, and if you're lucky you'll be able to use lpr to print from the commandline.

PS. In a pinch, you could install enough X utilities to run the Print Admin GUI utility via a remote X connection to your desktop Ubuntu box (log in with ssh -X), and define the printers you need. But hopefully this won't be necessary.

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