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I have reduced this to almost 0 security. I've tried security = user. I can't for the life of me see on my Windows machine these shared drives. I've also had the netbios name equal my workgroup name. If someone could tell me if there is something wrong here, that would be nice.

[global]
workgroup = SOLARSYSTEM
netbios = SUN
server string = Solarsystem Samba Server
security = share
force user = dwarf

[movies] 
comment = entire shared drive 
path = /mnt/media/movies 
read only = no
guest ok = yes
writable = yes
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1 Answer 1

up vote 3 down vote accepted

There are a couple of things you need to know about the samba configuration file. Well, i'm lying. There is a lot you need to know (I had to spend a couple of days reading through the manual). But to sum everything up it depends on where you are sharing the folder from.

If the folder is inside your home folder, you can simply right click the folder, select sharing and follow the options provided. Easy solution.

If the folder is outside your home folder, for example, in /media/username/movies, the fastest way of sharing the folder is to put in the [global] section in the smb.conf file force user = USERNAME where username is your user or the owner of the shared folder. This has several security implications but is nonetheless, the fastest way of sharing if you are on a LAN and trust the rest of the group.

If you already did the 2 mentioned above for each case, you then need to check if you are actually on the same LAN network (Check IP class), same subnet and same workgroup. For the latter, you can change the workgroup in the smb.conf under the workgroup = variable.

If you already have done all the steps mentioned above then we proceed to see if the permissions are correct:

  • Does the share folder actually have the username as owner?
  • Does the share folder have read/write/execute permissions?
  • Can you access the shared folder from another Ubuntu PC or another version of Windows?

Depending on this answers you can most likely know where the problem is coming from. Most of the time, it is, in my case, a Windows 8 problem. Windows 8 has several options that you need to change in the "Network & Sharing" menu in order to see the LAN correctly (This applies not only to seeing Ubuntu shared resources but also other Windows versions like XP and 7).

There are tools to simplify the sharing of folders outside the home folder like the system-config-samba package, but they help to a degree. You can also check man smb.conf to see a lot of information regarding this file, specially the part about security which I would recommend reading this https://www.samba.org/samba/docs/man/Samba-HOWTO-Collection/ServerType.html#id2559439 which is better for the eye than the man pages. Specially the part about security = user.

Here is an example of a working samba share /media/cyrex/movies working for another Windows 7, Windows 8 and 2 Ubuntu PCs in the same IP range and Workgroup:

[global]
    workgroup = WORKGROUP
    server string = %h server (Samba, Ubuntu)
    dns proxy = no
    force user = cyrex
    log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m
    max log size = 1000
    syslog = 0
    panic action = /usr/share/samba/panic-action %d
    encrypt passwords = true
    obey pam restrictions = yes
    unix password sync = yes
    passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
    passwd chat = *Enter\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *Retype\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *password\supdated\ssuccessfully* .
    pam password change = yes
    map to guest = bad user
    usershare allow guests = yes

[printers]
    comment = All Printers
    browseable = no
    path = /var/spool/samba
    printable = yes
    create mask = 0700

[print$]
    comment = Printer Drivers
    path = /var/lib/samba/printers

[movies]
    path = /media/cyrex/titan/movies
    browseable = yes
    guest ok = yes

The only lines I added where the force user = cyrex in the [global] section and the section for the [movies] which was made by the system-config-samba app but you can also do it by hand.

After that just sudo service smbd restart and wait a couple of seconds/minutes for the switch/router/network devices to update.

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thanks a lot, i appreciate this. it has cleared up some things and given me direction on where to look. good stuff –  dwarf Feb 22 at 22:34

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