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I need the character Cedilla working my English USA Ubuntu Natty but when use the normal combination ' then c I get this ć. In the previous versions I used this solution: [SOLVED] Getting ç cedilla instead of c acute with american keyboards but it isn't working on Natty. Any help will be very appreciatted! Best regards.

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marked as duplicate by Charles Green, Eric Carvalho, David Foerster, Elder Geek, Nathan Osman Mar 24 '15 at 2:19

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.

Did you try gksudo gedit /usr/lib/gtk-2.0/2.10.0/gtk.immodules – wojox May 3 '11 at 22:35

Choose keyboard = USA international with dead keys

Try Keyboard>layout>options>Key to choose 3rd level> right ctrl

then try right ctrl + <, press first the right ctrl and keep it pressed, then

with another finger press <

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by default this behavior in any other setting is of right alt (aka AltGr). Thus, there's no need to change this setting and instead you can simply use AltGr + comma – igorsantos07 Nov 19 '14 at 16:26

Bug reference: #518056

Answer from Hélio José:

1) Edit the files:

For 64 bits: sudo gedit /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/gtk-3.0/3.0.0/immodules.cache sudo gedit /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/gtk-2.0/2.10.0/immodules.cache

For 32 bits: sudo gedit /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/gtk-2.0/2.10.0/immodules.cache

Changing the line

"cedilla" "Cedilla" "gtk20" "/usr/share/locale" "az:ca:co:fr:gv:oc:pt:sq:tr:wa"


"cedilla" "Cedilla" "gtk20" "/usr/share/locale" "az:ca:co:fr:gv:oc:pt:sq:tr:wa:en"

2) Replacing "ć" to "ç" and "Ć" to "Ç" on /usr/share/X11/locale/en_US.UTF-8/Compose

sudo cp /usr/share/X11/locale/en_US.UTF-8/Compose /usr/share/X11/locale/en_US.UTF-8/Compose.bak sed 's/ć/ç/g' < /usr/share/X11/locale/en_US.UTF-8/Compose | sed 's/Ć/Ç/g' > Compose sudo mv Compose /usr/share/X11/locale/en_US.UTF-8/Compose

3) Add two lines on /etc/environment

GTK_IM_MODULE=cedilla QT_IM_MODULE=cedilla

4) Restart your computer.

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the step 3 is the only needed for the most recent ubuntu releases - 13.10 and 14.04 – igorsantos07 Nov 19 '14 at 18:02

If you're in a hurry, do this and you'll get "ç" instead of "ć":

Press "AltGr + ," then "c".

If you want to know a bit more, keep on reading.

This may be solved already by using one of the answers above, but I realized the best thing to do is use the keyboard layout, instead of changing things you'll have to eventually change again in the future (after updates, for example).

Before I start, keep in mind I'm using Ubuntu 14.04.2, which is not the same distro as the original question mentions (11.04). Anyway, I believe most users migrated to newwer versions by now. So:

$ cat /etc/issue
Ubuntu 14.04.2 LTS \n \l

Okay, the first thing I did was looking at the immodules files:

/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/gtk-2.0/2.10.0/immodules.cache /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/gtk-3.0/3.0.0/immodules.cache

At the header, those files clearly mention they should not be changed, since they're generated automatically:

# GTK+ Input Method Modules file
# Automatically generated file, do not edit
# Created by /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libgtk-3-0/gtk-query-immodules-3.0 from gtk+-3.10.8

So changing them, although it may solve the problem temporarily, is not ideal.

Looking around, I found the best answer ever about why we get a "ć" instead of a "ç" when typing ' + c: because we're really putting an acute accent on the top of letter "c". So the layout is right. With that in mind, how would one put a "kind of a" comma at the bottom of the "c" letter? Using a comma, of course!

So, the solution was the key combination AltGR + , and then "c".

No need for changing any configuration on your computer.

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Using the Character Map you can copy and paste the character.

Character Map: Ced

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Use ibus to provide you with these special characters. You will need to install the compose extension to ibus from the software centre or synaptic.

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