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I have a US English keyboard. How do I enter a euro symbol in Ubuntu? I can't find the symbol in character map, and I don't really want to change keyboard layout just to type one symbol occasionally.

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You can check the US with euro on 5 keyboard layout. – Andrea Corbellini Oct 28 '13 at 17:53
I am using the latest version of Ubuntu and the only explanation that works is the changes in terminal, however, each time the computer is restarted it reverts to the old setting. The further explanation to make it permanent is not clearly described and needs to be expanded- remembering that we are not all at the same level :) – user292146 Jun 10 '14 at 7:43
up vote 10 down vote accepted

In Character Map, select Common.

enter image description here

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If you use English (US) keyboard layout and you don't want to change it, the the fastest way would be to use Ctrl+Shift+U key combination and then type 20ac followed by Space(or Enter) which will turn into .

Now if you want, for example, to change the $ sign (which you can type it using Shift+4 shortcut when you have an US English keyboard) with sign, you can use the following command in terminal in terminal:

xmodmap -e "keycode  13 = 4 EuroSign 4 EuroSign"

From now you can type using Shift+4 shortcut.

To switch back to $ sign, use:

xmodmap -e "keycode  13 = 4 dollar 4 dollar"

To get this change for every session, create a file called .xmodmap, with the following command:

xmodmap -pke > .xmodmap

Then, create a file called .xinitrc in your home directory, containing the following line/command:

xmodmap .xmodmap

In the same mode you can set any other key combination to type symbol. Use xmodmap -pke command to see all keycodes and their map assignment.

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For more information on xmodmap read the following answer…, and other unicode characters see – CrandellWS Jul 21 '15 at 9:22
Excellent, this should be the accepted answer. – Padraic Cunningham Feb 9 at 11:21

Method 1) Use the compose key.

Compose key sequences for €

compose key+c+=
compose key+e+=

In fact, you can type the characters following the compose key in either order.

So compose key+=+c or compose key+=+e also work.

To set the compose key in 13.10,

  1. Go to System Settings >> Keyboard >> Shortcuts or System Settings >> Text Entry >> Keyboard Settings.
  2. Choose Typing in the left column.
  3. Click Compose Key and choose an option from the pop-up list. Right-Alt is a common choice.

To set the compose key in earlier versions,

  1. Go to System Settings >> Keyboard Layout >> Options.
  2. Click Compose Key Position to expand the list of options.

Compose key options are hard-coded in Gnome-based systems. See the Gtk compose key table.

Method 2) Use the Alternative Characters Key (also called the 3rd level chooser in earlier versions

This way is a little more complicated to set up, but will give you a 2-character sequence.

This requires dconf-editor. sudo apt-get install dconf-editor

  1. From the Shortcuts >> Typing as above, click Alternative Characters Key, and choose an option from the pop-up. (You do not have to set the compose key to use this option, but if you set it, make sure the compose key and alternative characters are set to different keys.)

  2. In dconf-editor, navigate to org >> gnome >> desktop >> input-sources

  3. To the setting xkb-options add one of the following:

    'eurosign:e' 'eurosign:2' 'eurosign:4' 'eurosign:5'

The single-quotes are required. If you already have options listed, separate strings with commas.

For example, I have the compose key set to right-alt, the alternative character set to menu, and euro set to 4. The setting looks like this:


The order of the strings doesn't matter. You can see that I chose the menu key and put the euro symbol on 4.

Now, alternative char key+4 produces .

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Instead of the standard English (US) keyboard, switch to the English (US, alternative international) keyboard and you'll get the under Alt GrE and you'll be able to type most Western-European languages, including Français, Español, Italiano (Pasta al ragù), Nederlands (zeeën), Deutsch (Doppelgänger), ...

Here's the keyboard layout:

enter image description here

Note: Alt Gr is the right Alt

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Alt Gr + 5 = € .

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it's not the same (E≠5) and it works om my US layout – user154126 Oct 29 '13 at 11:33
What if keyboard has no Alt Gr? – Jonathan Cross Oct 15 '15 at 18:19

On an Ubuntu 13.10 Macbook Air 2013 with an English (Mac) keyboard, the shortcut is

Shift + Right Alt + 2

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On my keyboard, Alt Gr + 4 = €

Clearly this differs depending on the keyboard; mine was bought in the UK.

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Does not work for me on US and LT keyboards. – ViliusK Apr 13 '15 at 12:07

The trick is to find the keyboard layout contained in @fabby's answer above. To do that in Ubuntu 15.10, tap the Super key to show the Finder, search for and open keyboard, click the text entry link, then the little keyboard icon underneath the keyboard sources box in the window that appears:

the window that appears.

You will then see the keyboard layout for your own configuration:

keyboard layout for your own configuration

and should be able to find the € sign or any other special character you're looking for.

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