So, thanks to a prior question I asked, I can now see my wireless card on iwconfig and ifconfig. Ubuntu server 12.04
I've set it up with
sudo iwconfig wlan0 essid SSID key KEY
with SSID and KEY properly entered into the command.
Then, I checked scan to make sure the (not broadcasting) network was being detected. It is.
Then, I disabled eth0 to make sure the network connection was going through the wireless. The server dropped off the network.
It was suggested I use dhclient to force an IP onto the device. Using it enables eth0 again, and the wlan0 still doesn't have an IP associated.
How do you figure out why a device isn't connecting to a network? Do I have to broadcast the SSID? I would really rather not for security reasons.