The error occurred approximately 90% through the installation bar while installing from liveusb and was not specified by any particular error code, just a popup suggesting harddrive troubles and sending an error report. Attempting to run the ubuntu installer again ends when the only visible partition is the usb drive, the same occurs in gparted and when checking bios it states that a hard drive does not exist.
Edited to replace instances of 10.04.3 which I typed with 12.04.3 which I was actually installing
EDIT 2 Taking user142311's advice I decided to format my usb drive and recreate my live usb instance of Ubuntu 12.04.3, this time the internal harddrive with my previous, failed ubuntu install was found and I was able to format and install ubuntu 12.04.3 on it. The new install is unfortunately not booting up currently but the Hard drive is showing up once more in bios so the initial and worse of the two problems has been solved. Thanks!