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I have an AWS Ubuntu 12.04 GUI instance. I access it from my home Windows PC using VNC. Since the instance is stopped when not in use, every time I start it I have to SSH Terminal into it to run the VNC screen definitions commands. Only then I can start my VNC viewer into the GUI.

Is there a way to include the VNC screen definitions in a batch or startup script, so that they are created automatically every time I start the machine?

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I recommend using x11vnc, write a simple script and execute it in /etc/rc.local script.

Difference between x11vnc and traditional Unix VNC. x11vnc interacts directly with physical displays

A sample shell script

#!/bin/bash
x11vnc -safer -forever -display :0 -rfbauth ~/.vnc/passwd >/tmp/x11vnc.log 2>&1 &

Below I have included the install/config details I wrote for another question: VNC on UBUNTU 13.04 - not showing full desktop

Install x11vnc

sudo apt-get install x11vnc

Create VNC password

x11vnc -storepasswd

NOTE: defaults to ~/.vnc/passwd file. Alternatively, use vncpasswd or -storepasswd pass file Store password pass as the VNC password in the file file. Once the password is stored the program exits. Use the password via "-rfbauth file". If called with no arguments, "x11vnc -storepasswd", the user is prompted for a password and it is stored in the file ~/.vnc/passwd. Called with one argument, that will be the file to store the prompted password in.

Start x11vnc

# Start x11vnc using ~/.vnc/passwd
x11vnc -safer -forever -display :0 -rfbauth /home/terry/.vnc/passwd
# less output to stderr -q -quiet
# this does not eliminate all informational output, it only reduces it
x11vnc -safer -forever -display :0 -rfbauth /home/terry/.vnc/passwd -q
# eliminate all output
x11vnc -safer -forever -display :0 -rfbauth /home/terry/.vnc/passwd 2>/dev/null 1>2&

Change the VNC port to listen on

-rfbport

The VNC port to listen on (a LibVNCServer option), e.g. 5900, 5901, etc. If specified as "-rfbport PROMPT" then the x11vnc -gui is used to prompt the user to enter the port number.

x11vnc -rfbport 5901

This force x11vnc to use port 5901 (this is VNC display :1.)

If something else is using that port x11vnc will exit immediately. If you do not supply the -rfbport option, it will autoprobe starting at 5900 and work its way up to 5999 looking for a free port to listen on.

Send x11vnc to background

x11vnc -safer -forever -display :0 -rfbauth /home/terry/.vnc/passwd -bg

Go into the background after screen setup. Messages to stderr are lost unless -o logfile is used.

VNC password file

The option -rfbauth .vnc/passwd provides additional protection by requiring a VNC password for every VNC viewer that connects. The vncpasswd or storepasswd programs, or the x11vnc -storepasswd option can be used to create the password file. x11vnc also has the slightly less secure -passwdfile and -passwd XXXXX options to specify passwords.

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