Ask Ubuntu is a question and answer site for Ubuntu users and developers. Join them; it only takes a minute:

Sign up
Here's how it works:
  1. Anybody can ask a question
  2. Anybody can answer
  3. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top

I'm attempting to build a package using pbuilder, and would prefer to not install build dependencies on my host computer so I can keep it clean. Whenever It try to build a package, I get the following output because I don't have the dependencies installed.

$ pbuilder-dist saucy i386 build nautilus_3.8.2-0ubuntu1.dsc
I: Logging to /home/notgary/pbuilder/saucy-i386_result/last_operation.log
I: using fakeroot in build.
I: Current time: Tue Jul 23 20:52:19 BST 2013
I: pbuilder-time-stamp: 1374609139
I: Building the build Environment
I: extracting base tarball [/home/notgary/pbuilder/saucy-i386-base.tgz]
I: creating local configuration
I: copying local configuration
W: --override-config is not set; not updating apt.conf Read the manpage for details.
I: mounting /proc filesystem
I: mounting /dev/pts filesystem
I: Mounting /var/cache/pbuilder/ccache
I: policy-rc.d already exists
I: Obtaining the cached apt archive contents
I: Setting up ccache
I: Installing the build-deps
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/usr/bin/gdebi", line 80, in <module>
    debi = GDebiCli(options)
  File "/usr/share/gdebi/GDebi/", line 53, in __init__
    "--print-architecture"], stdout=PIPE).communicate()[0]
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/", line 679, in __init__
    errread, errwrite)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/", line 1249, in _execute_child
    raise child_exception
OSError: [Errno 2] No such file or directory
E: pbuilder-satisfydepends failed.
I: Copying back the cached apt archive contents
I: unmounting /var/cache/pbuilder/ccache filesystem
I: unmounting dev/pts filesystem
I: unmounting proc filesystem
I: cleaning the build env 
I: removing directory /var/cache/pbuilder/build//9113 and its subdirectories

How do I update pbuilder so it will resolve the dependencies automatically within it's own environment?

share|improve this question
I think I see the issue. It appears you are using the gdebi resolver. This resolver uses gdebi outside the chroot to exec dpkg inside the chroot. If you don't have the libs to exec the i386 dpkg (especially if you don't even have libc6:i386) you will get File Not Found when trying to exec it. Try switching to the aptitude resolver which works inside the chroot. It is working fine on my system either way though, so alternatively you could make sure you have enough i386 libs to exec dpkg. – Jason Conti Jul 23 '13 at 22:35
@JasonConti, that was exactly the problem. Thanks a lot :) If you write it up as an answer, I'll accept and give you the credit. – Chris Wilson Jul 24 '13 at 12:05
up vote 2 down vote accepted

Looking at the source for /usr/share/gdebi/GDebi/ we see that the pbuilder-dist script is dying when gdebi tries to exec dpkg. As it happens, we can get the strange OSError: [Errno 2] No such file or directory when trying to exec a 32-bit executable on a 64-bit system without libc6:i386 installed.

Investigating further into /usr/lib/pbuilder/pbuilder-satisfydepends-gdebi, we find that gdebi satisfies the dependencies from outside the chroot by executing dpkg inside the chroot,

INSTALL=$(/usr/bin/gdebi --quiet --root $CHROOT --apt-line $NO_RECOMMENDS $DEBIAN_CONTROL)
$CHROOTEXEC /usr/bin/apt-get install -y "${APTGETOPT[@]}" $INSTALL

So without the multiarch libraries necessary to execute a 32-bit dpkg on a 64-bit host, this is going to fail. Another option is to use the aptitude resolver, which works inside the chroot, so shouldn't have problems either way.

share|improve this answer

I went though the same error in a recent pbuilder build and added the following snippet to the ~/.pbuilderrc file so it automatically installs and uses the aptitude resolver when the host and guest architecture differ.

if [ "${ARCH}" = "$(dpkg --print-architecture)" ]; then
    #gdebi resolution, requires gdebi-core
    if command -v "gdebi" >/dev/null 2>&1; then
        PBUILDERSATISFYDEPENDSCMD="/usr/lib/pbuilder/pbuilder-satisfydepends-gdebi" || true
        rm -rf "${HOOKDIR}/D01install_aptitude_resolver"
        printf "%s\\n" '#!/bin/sh' > "${HOOKDIR}/D01install_aptitude_resolver"
        printf "%s\\n" 'apt-get install -y --no-install-recommends aptitude' >> "${HOOKDIR}/D01install_aptitude_resolver"
        chmod +x "${HOOKDIR}/D01install_aptitude_resolver"
    printf "%s\\n" '#!/bin/sh' > "${HOOKDIR}/D01install_aptitude_resolver"
    printf "%s\\n" 'apt-get install -y --no-install-recommends aptitude' >> "${HOOKDIR}/D01install_aptitude_resolver"
    chmod +x "${HOOKDIR}/D01install_aptitude_resolver"
share|improve this answer

Your Answer


By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.