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The Issue

I'm trying to install Ubuntu 12.04 (64-bit, Mac alternate) on my 13" MacBook Pro (model 7,1. Mid-2010). The MacBook Pro is running OSX 10.8.3 and I'm trying to make it dual-bootable (i.e., so I can boot into Ubuntu or OSX). When booting from the live CD and selecting "Try Ubuntu," I made the allegedly necessary partition tables and was ready to install. Through the installation process, I selected my newly created "ext4" partition, changed it (in the installer) to "Use as ext4 journaling file system," and pressed continue. However, the following window popped up:

The partition table format in use on your disks normally requires you to create a separate partition for boot loader code. This partition should be marked for use as a "Reserved BIOS boot area" and should be at least 1 MB in size. Note that this is not the same as a partition booted on /boot. If you do not go back to the partitioning menu and correct this error, boot loader installation may fail later, although it may still be possible to install the boot loader to a partition.

Below is a snapshot of my partition table in GParted.

GParted partition table setup

Below is a snapshot of the installation window.

Installation window


The Hypothesis

@Seth and I are geared towards thinkhing this is an issue with Ubuntu not detecting that my computer is using EFI instead of BIOS. I think that if we somehow get Ubuntu to recognize that I'm running a computer that uses EFI, the installation will run smoother. However, because I'm running on a MacBook Pro, users who've had similar problems with Windows won't have the same solutions for me (or other future problem-havers) to use.


Things Tried & Investigated

Below are things that I've tried and looked into. I'll be updating it as this issue progresses.

  1. I've tried researching this issue, and came across this thread as well. After discussing this issue with people in the chat room, though, I'm -- we're -- pretty sure it's a hardware issue.
  2. Additionally, I tried this wiki, but the wiki looks geared towards Windows and, again, I'm pretty sure this is a hardware-specific issue. Update: I went ahead and tried the section I linked to, and it didn't entirely workout. When following the instructions, I wasn't able to click onto the "GRUB location" tab because it was disabled: grub location disabled
  3. Another untried option @Seth and I went over was bypassing the error, then running the boot-repair program listed above. There are concerns about this being dangerous, though, so I'd be glad to hear another opinion.
  4. I've tried the solution provided by @rod-smith. However, as apparent in the comments on his answer, I ran into some issues. When trying the alternate steps under step 10, booting up just got me a blank screen that wouldn't go away (the most recent amount of time that I've spent on that screen was about 40 minutes until I rebooted). Continuing to follow the instructions, before step 18 shows up (which it never does), I get the following error:

    WARNING: no console will be available to OS
    error: no suitable video mode found.
    (see image)

  5. While keeping the partitions/all settings as setup by my explanation in the fourth item (above), I tried the link in the second item above because GRUB was installed. I could access the menu and I ran through everything needed to be done. However, upon reboot, I ran into the same indefinite blank screen.

  6. In accordance with @TheMysteriousMan's post, I've also tried selecting /dev/sda1 to install the boot loader on, but I received the same error.

  7. The Ubuntu 13.04 (64-bit, Mac alternate) has been tried also, but again, the same error is received.

  8. Something I've noticed is that when double clicking on a partition (while in the installation process seen in the 3rd photo of this post) and bringing up the "Edit partition" window, under the "Use as:" drop down (where options like "Ext4 journaling file system" appear), I have the option "Reserved BIOS boot area." I'm wondering if the error is asking me to do something with the option. If it is asking me to use this option, should I create a new partition and set this option on it? How big should the partition be? Or do I put it on an existing partition?


TLDR & The Question

The main question here is: how do I get by this error message? Is there some configuration I have to do that I haven't already? Or is this a safe error message to bypass?

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3 Answers 3

up vote 9 down vote accepted
+150

Disclaimer: I am in no way an expert and anything you see below was figured out by my own trial and error. This answer isn't necessarily the most correct answer, but it is what worked. Also, make sure to read the whole thing through before attempting any of it.

Before following the instructions below, please install rEFIt or rEFInd1.

In order to fix this issue I needed to create an extra partition. Follow the steps below. The first one should be done in OSX's Disk Utility and the rest inside GParted after selecting "Try Ubuntu."

  1. Make sure to have already resized your "Macintosh HD" partition so that you have room for the new partitions (~50 GiB is what I chose). Note: This is the only step you should be doing in an OSX-native program like Disk Utility and not within Ubuntu.
  2. Create a new partition called "booatloader" with file system ReiserFS. I made this partition 500 MiB. (I'm not exactly sure if the file system or size matters) Edit: it turns out, according to the wikipedia page, this partition can be 1 MiB, but if you want to keep it safe and do what I did, I don't think 500x the size will make a difference.
  3. Create a new linux-swap partition that's about 1 GiB. I called this one "swap".
  4. Create an ext4 partition called "primary" using the rest of your unallocated space.

After following the instructions above, GParted should look similar to the following image. Keep in mind that I took this after installation. The labels for my linux-swap and ext4 partitions disappeared and the key/exclamation icons were added after installation by Ubuntu. Also, no need to set a bios_grub flag for the ResiserFS partition, this was also automatically added post- (or during-) installation. GParted

Now that the partitions are set up, go back to the desktop, click on "Install Ubuntu 12.04" (this should also appear in the menubar on the left if it's not on the desktop), and follow along below

  1. Go through the options (personalizing them however you like) until you get to the "Installation type" screen that asks you how you want to install Ubuntu.
  2. On the "Installation type" screen, select "Something else" and continue (press "Install Now").
  3. You'll now arrive at a window that lists all the partitions you have. Identify the "bootloader" partition (if the labels don't show, identify it by the device, type, or size columns) and double click on it.
  4. A window that says "Edit partition" should popup. Select the option field next to "Use as:" and click on the value that says "Reserved BIOS boot area" (figure below). Press "OK." Select "Reserved BIOS boot area"
  5. Identify the ext4 partition you just created and bring up the "Edit partition" window.
  6. Set the "Use as:" value to "Ext4 journaling file system," check the format option. Make sure to also set the mount field to /. Press "OK."
  7. Go ahead and continue the process, personalizing the results as you desire.

From here, everything should work fine. Make sure to have rEFIt or rEFInd installed so that you can boot into Ubuntu later1.

1. It turns out that if you get stuck while booting, instead of using a program like rEFIt and it's predecessor, you can just hold the alt/option key to boot into a partition/disk/whatever.

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The last time I checked (two or three releases ago), the "Mac alternate" version of Ubuntu was basically just the normal Ubuntu but stripped of its EFI boot options. This may seem peculiar, since Macs use EFI, but the problem is that the Mac's EFI is weird, and the standard Ubuntu installer had problems with the Mac's EFI. (I don't recall the precise nature of the problems, though.) Since Macs provide a BIOS compatibility layer, booting in that way makes sense; and when GRUB installs to a GPT disk using a BIOS boot mode, use of a BIOS Boot Partition (what the Ubuntu dialog box refers to as a "reserved BIOS boot area") is necessary. Hence, the dialog box asking for that area.

One option for how to proceed is to acquiesce with the request to create a BIOS Boot Partition. Ubuntu will then boot in BIOS mode, if all goes well. You can subsequently change the Linux boot mode by installing an EFI-mode boot loader. See my EFI-Booting Ubuntu on a Mac for one example of how to do this, and particularly the section entitled "Fixing the Installation."

Another option is to try using the standard Ubuntu installer rather than the Mac variant. You may need some help getting it to boot; it's possible that rEFInd will help with that, although I can make no promises. Once the installer is booted, you should ensure that it's running in EFI mode by looking for a directory called /sys/firmware/efi. If it's present, you've booted in EFI mode, and if it's not present, you've probably booted in BIOS mode and should try again.

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Thanks! I've run into a few problems when following the "Installing Ubuntu" section. I've installed gdisk, but the commands don't work. When running sudo gdisk /dev/disk0s3 I get "Error is 16." So, I tried deleting it manually in Disk Utility and creating a new partition via gdisk (with n), but then I get "Error is 2." I couldn't find any docs, but since you're the developer, I'm hoping you could shed light on this issue. –  Jeremy Jul 6 '13 at 18:06
    
You're specifying a partition (/dev/disk0s3) as an option to gdisk, but you need to specify the whole disk (/dev/disk0). –  Rod Smith Jul 6 '13 at 18:39
    
I messed up. I put "+128M" as the first sector instead of the last. It's prompting me for the last sector. What should I do? =/ (If you want to go into the "General Room" chat room, that'd be great :D) –  Jeremy Jul 6 '13 at 18:52
    
Hit Ctrl+C to break out of the program and try again. –  Rod Smith Jul 6 '13 at 19:02
    
I have no idea how to do step 1 under step 10 of "Fixing the Installation" (starts with "Copy an EFI driver for the filesystem you used on /boot (or your root filesystem, if you didn't split off /boot)...") To be honest, I wouldn't even know what to search. Do you have any simpler instructions? :) Thanks so far. –  Jeremy Jul 6 '13 at 21:07

Have you tried to choose /dev/sda1 as the place to install your bootloader? On the bottom of the custom installation menu, there is a place marked:

Device for bootloader installation

Choose /dev/sda1 from the dropdown menu.

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This was what I meant earlier in the chat room. Just pick your EFI partition on your main disk as the bootloader location. According to Wikipedia, this may affect later firmware updates, but my mac was old enough I didn't really care (not likely to be any useful updates). –  Chan-Ho Suh Jul 12 '13 at 0:00
    
@Chan-HoSuh and OP: Unfortunately this didn't work. Thanks, though. –  Jeremy Jul 12 '13 at 23:40

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