Yes, there is a
--disable-translate switch that can be passed from the command line.
google-chrome --kiosk www.france.fr
google-chrome --disable-translate --kiosk www.france.fr
Note: some extra information I found is that if there's already another instance of Chrome running, running it from the command-line will show
Created new window in existing browser session, which has proved to ignore the switches passed in the command, so you won't be able to pass the
--disable-translate switch, so you'll need to close all instances first. However, if you want to run a new instance from the command line alongside the existing instance, you can do
google-chrome --user-data-dir=$(mktemp -d) --kiosk --disable-translate (or another directory). This involves the creation of a new user data directory.
Source: the answers here and here.
There are lots of other switches available in Chrome/Chromium that can be used. You can find them listed here and here.