Take the 2-minute tour ×
Ask Ubuntu is a question and answer site for Ubuntu users and developers. It's 100% free, no registration required.

Is there any way to kill a zombie process without reboot? Here is how it happened:

I want to download a 12GB file using torrent. After adding the .torrent file, transmission turned into a zombie process (I tried ktorrent too. Same behavior). Finally I could download the file using µTorrent but after closing the program, it turns into a zombie as well.

I tried using kill, skill and pkill with different options and -9 signal but no success.

After reading some solutions on web, I found out killing the parent can kill the zombie. But killing wine didn't help either.

Is there another way?

Edit:

ps -o pid,ppid,stat,comm

PID  PPID STAT COMMAND
7121  2692 Ss   bash
7317  7121 R+   ps

pstree output:

init─┬─GoogleTalkPlugi───4*[{GoogleTalkPlug}]
 ├─NetworkManager─┬─dhclient
 │                └─{NetworkManager}
 ├─acpid
 ├─amarok───19*[{amarok}]
 ├─apache2───5*[apache2]
 ├─atd
 ├─avahi-daemon───avahi-daemon
 ├─bonobo-activati───{bonobo-activat}
 ├─clock-applet
 ├─console-kit-dae───63*[{console-kit-da}]
 ├─cron
 ├─cupsd
 ├─2*[dbus-daemon]
 ├─2*[dbus-launch]
 ├─desktopcouch-se───desktopcouch-se
 ├─firefox───run-mozilla.sh───firefox-bin─┬─plugin-containe───8*[{plugin-contain}]
 │                                        └─14*[{firefox-bin}]
 ├─gconfd-2
 ├─gdm-binary─┬─gdm-simple-slav─┬─Xorg
 │            │                 ├─gdm-session-wor─┬─gnome-session─┬─bluetooth-apple
 │            │                 │                 │               ├─compiz───sh───gtk-window-deco
 │            │                 │                 │               ├─fusion-icon
 │            │                 │                 │               ├─gdu-notificatio
 │            │                 │                 │               ├─gnome-panel───{gnome-panel}
 │            │                 │                 │               ├─gnome-power-man
 │            │                 │                 │               ├─gpg-agent
 │            │                 │                 │               ├─gwibber-service
 │            │                 │                 │               ├─nautilus
 │            │                 │                 │               ├─nm-applet
 │            │                 │                 │               ├─polkit-gnome-au
 │            │                 │                 │               ├─2*[python]
 │            │                 │                 │               ├─qstardict───{qstardict}
 │            │                 │                 │               ├─ssh-agent
 │            │                 │                 │               ├─tracker-applet
 │            │                 │                 │               ├─trackerd
 │            │                 │                 │               ├─wakoopa─┬─wakoopa
 │            │                 │                 │               │         └─3*[{wakoopa}]
 │            │                 │                 │               └─{gnome-session}
 │            │                 │                 └─{gdm-session-wo}
 │            │                 └─{gdm-simple-sla}
 │            └─{gdm-binary}
 ├─6*[getty]
 ├─gnome-keyring-d───2*[{gnome-keyring-}]
 ├─gnome-screensav
 ├─gnome-settings-
 ├─gnome-system-mo
 ├─gnome-terminal─┬─bash───ssh
 │                ├─bash───pstree
 │                ├─gnome-pty-helpe
 │                └─{gnome-terminal}
 ├─gvfs-afc-volume───{gvfs-afc-volum}
 ├─gvfs-fuse-daemo───3*[{gvfs-fuse-daem}]
 ├─gvfs-gdu-volume
 ├─gvfsd
 ├─gvfsd-burn
 ├─gvfsd-computer
 ├─gvfsd-metadata
 ├─gvfsd-trash
 ├─hald─┬─hald-runner─┬─hald-addon-acpi
 │      │             ├─hald-addon-cpuf
 │      │             ├─hald-addon-inpu
 │      │             └─hald-addon-stor
 │      └─{hald}
 ├─indicator-apple
 ├─indicator-me-se
 ├─indicator-sessi
 ├─irqbalance
 ├─kded4
 ├─kdeinit4─┬─kio_http_cache_
 │          └─klauncher
 ├─kglobalaccel
 ├─modem-manager
 ├─multiload-apple
 ├─mysqld───10*[{mysqld}]
 ├─named───10*[{named}]
 ├─nmbd
 ├─notification-ar
 ├─notify-osd
 ├─polkitd
 ├─pulseaudio─┬─gconf-helper
 │            └─2*[{pulseaudio}]
 ├─rsyslogd───2*[{rsyslogd}]
 ├─rtkit-daemon───2*[{rtkit-daemon}]
 ├─smbd───smbd
 ├─snmpd
 ├─sshd
 ├─timidity
 ├─trashapplet
 ├─udevd───2*[udevd]
 ├─udisks-daemon─┬─udisks-daemon
 │               └─{udisks-daemon}
 ├─upowerd
 ├─upstart-udev-br
 ├─utorrent.exe───{utorrent.exe}
 ├─vnstatd
 ├─winbindd───2*[winbindd]
 ├─wnck-applet
 ├─wpa_supplicant
 └─xinetd

System monitor and top show the zombie process is using resources:

enter image description here

enter image description here

Edit 2: I think I found something. I tried to logout and saw this message:

enter image description here

Since other torrent clients have th same issue maybe it's something about file size.I'm using ubuntu 10.04 on ext4 partitions.Killing nautilus and sending SIGCHLD signal to it didn't work.

share|improve this question
    
Can you add the output of ps -o pid,ppid,stat,comm and pstree to your question? –  Mikel Mar 18 '11 at 10:52
    
I am having the same problem here and after googling it seems that this occurs when having encrypted your home folder during the installation and choosing to download torrents bigger than 4gb. I haven't been able to find any other way than a reboot to get rid of the zombie process eating 99% cpu. bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/ecryptfs-utils/+bug/431975 seems to deal with this but nothing much seems to have been done in order to solve this :( –  user972876 Oct 20 '11 at 15:59
    
Also please read here: askubuntu.com/questions/48624/what-are-zombie-processes This will help solve many doubts. –  Luis Alvarado Oct 20 '11 at 18:06

6 Answers 6

up vote 25 down vote accepted

I don't thing zombie process is much of a headache. A zombie process does not take up any resources. It is just that it has it's entry in the process table.

A Zombie process is not an orphan process, it does have a parent.

kill, skill pkill will not work since the process is already killed, just that it's entry has not been removed.

Zombie process can be killed by sending SIGCHLD signal to parent. I think the signal number of SIGCHLD is 17 or 18

If this also fails, then you might want to kill the parent itself.

From Wikipedia on SIGCHLD signal:

When a child process terminates before the parent has called wait, the kernel retains some information about the process to enable its parent to call wait later. Because the child is still consuming system resources but not executing it is known as a zombie process.


EDIT 1: The system resources consumed is mostly the process table entry. If anyone knows if it consumes more than that - memory or CPU cycle, then please add an explanation. AFAIK it hardly takes up any significant system resources.


EDIT 2: Quoting from Wikipedia

On Unix and Unix-like computer operating systems, a zombie process or defunct process is a process that has completed execution but still has an entry in the process table. This entry is still needed to allow the process that started the (now zombie) process to read its exit status.

So the entry is kept so that the parent process can know the exit status because the moment the child exits, the parent is probably not in a state or not ready to read it's exit status.


EDIT 3

Till date I never experienced a zombie process taking 100% of the CPU. Seeing this for the first time.

Try doing a killall utorrent.exe

I can see that there are two instances of utorrent.exe and one of them is zombie. Probably the second one (child). killall should kill the parent since the child(zombie) cannot be killed.


EDIT 4

Looks like the killall did not work since it was giving TERM signal instead of KILL.

Try out killall --signal=KILL utorrent.exe

If this does not work then try killing the process selectivly.

Get the list of utorrent.exe process PID

ps -e | grep -i utorrent

You should get two process like

xxxx ?        aa:bb:cc utorrent.exe defunct
yyyy ?        aa:bb:cc utorrent.exe

So the second one is the parent. Kill it using

kill -9 yyyy

EDIT 5

Please try finding the process's Parent Id by this bash command

cat /proc/{defunctpid}/status | grep -i ppid

in your case is

cat /proc/7298/status | grep -i ppid

If the output comes like

PPid: 1

Then sadly I think you are out of luck. Process Id 1 belongs to init without which your system cannot run

share|improve this answer
1  
You wrote A zombie process does not take up any resources and cited the child is still consuming system resources ... it is known as a zombie process. –  maaartinus Mar 18 '11 at 10:58
    
Yeah. I updated the post to make it clear what I meant. –  Manish Sinha Mar 18 '11 at 11:03
3  
The zombie process takes one of my CPU cores entirely.The usage of that core is on 100%.So it's not only the process table entry.I will add additional information to the question. –  Pedram Mar 18 '11 at 13:32
    
This is the first time I am seeing a zombie process eating any resource. I also faced this problems, but never ever had this problem –  Manish Sinha Mar 18 '11 at 14:55
1  
A zombie using CPU may be running background threads. Try using top -H to display threads instead of processes in top. –  Zan Lynx Sep 14 '12 at 16:10

Using kill on the process itself is indeed ineffective, as the process is already dead; kill brings a live process to zombie state.

The parent process is responsible for picking up the exit code of the process; the process remains a zombie until this is done. The init process will pick up the exit code of any process and throw it away, so it is the "last-resort" parent that will clean up any zombie that is a direct descendant.

Killing the parent of the zombie process is usually effective because the zombie process then reverts to init as its parent as soon as the parent process is gone (i.e. killing the parent has turned that process into a zombie, and the grandparent has read the parent's exit code, so the parent is truly gone). A zombie can be parent to a zombie, so merely killing the parent is not sufficient, it also needs to be collected by another process itself.

Note that processes are never responsible for cleaning up their grandchildren -- they always revert to process 1 as parent (which is why daemon authors sometimes use a double fork() and terminate the process in the middle to fully disassociate the child process from the invoking shell)

The reason why killing wine probably isn't effective is because it wasn't really the parent of the zombie process; rather, the "utorrent.exe" that is a direct descendant of init is. This process however is still running normally, just neglecting its duties.

share|improve this answer
    
Thanks for information.But what's the solution? –  Pedram Mar 18 '11 at 16:20
1  
Killing the real parent process, i.e. the one that ps waux lists in the PPID column for the zombie. –  Simon Richter Mar 18 '11 at 17:10
    
As you can see in the pstree output "utorrent.exe" doesn't have any parent. –  Pedram Mar 18 '11 at 17:30
    
There are two processes with that name, where one is the child of the other. I suspect the zombie is the child, which would make the parent "utorrent.exe" process responsible for cleanup; if you kill that process, then init will clean up the parent, after which the child is reattached to init and immediately cleaned up as well. –  Simon Richter Mar 18 '11 at 17:45
    
killall didn't work in that case.I started µTorrent now and it doesn't have any parent or child, but cannot be killed yet.pstree output is updated. –  Pedram Mar 18 '11 at 18:08

Much easier way than killall, -9, etc:

1)Use qBitorrent instead instead of the console uTorrent (I'm waiting for a GUI version as well and qBitorrent is essentially it).

2)If you are using 11.04 or above, hit alt+f2 (opens a special commands window), type xkill and your mouse is now an x. Click on the program you want to close (UI = process ID) and it will kill it for you.

Advanced tip: bind a keyboard shortcut for "xkill" like I have on my G15 macro keyboard.

share|improve this answer

In my case when wine hangs and i can not kill the Zombie child with a shotgun i would do:

wineserver -k then i would kill the "Son of the Process" killall -9 Oblivion.exe (For example)

For what i understand wineserver sends a signal to all its Zombie Childs that they are all going to die (Because of the shotgun you know) but sometimes a child thinks by itself and wants to take the world by storm. So i do the additional killall -9 or the kill -9 with the id of the process.

share|improve this answer
    
It didn't work either.Besides transmission and ktorrent have the same problem and they have nothing to do with wine. –  Pedram Mar 18 '11 at 16:25
    
I was mentioning the part about using utorrent with wine being wine the parent and utorrent the child. Anyway did you try to send a signal to the parent letting it know that its child is a zombie (Something no parent is ready for). For example: kill -s SIGCHLD ppid –  Luis Alvarado Mar 18 '11 at 18:07
    
Also what type of hardware do you have so it might help finding out how a zombie can use resources to the max. –  Luis Alvarado Mar 18 '11 at 18:17
    
Unfortunately doesn't work either. –  Pedram Mar 18 '11 at 18:18
    
My processor is core i7 860. –  Pedram Mar 18 '11 at 18:20

You can kill zombie processes with following command:

kill -HUP $(ps -A -ostat,ppid | grep -e '[zZ]'| awk '{ print $2 }')
share|improve this answer

My guess is that you're using an SSD.

When adding large torrents to a torrent client, the "placeholder" files of the torrent you are downloading are actually created on disk, but are empty until gradually filled during the download process.

With a normal hard disk, the disk is the bottleneck, and you won't notice a performance issue with the rest of your desktop.

When using an SSD however, the CPU is the bottleneck, and the application appears to have crashed (goes gray). If you leave it for a while, it will recover and all will be well. This has been my experience since switching to an SSD.

With regard to killing processes, others have provided better advice than I can - using the KILL signal usually works, but I have had the odd one that required a restart over the years.

share|improve this answer
1  
Thanks, but I'm using a normal hard disk. –  Pedram Mar 21 '11 at 14:27
    
"When using an SSD however, the CPU is the bottleneck, and the application appears to have crashed (goes gray). If you leave it for a while, it will recover and all will be well." In that situation, the process is not a zombie. Zombie processes and processes in uninterruptible sleep are not the same thing. A zombie process truly is not running anymore, does not take up resources (except a single entry in the process table), and cannot ever come back to life. –  Eliah Kagan Jul 31 '13 at 14:04

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.