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I am new to Ubuntu.

How can I install applications like Google Chrome in Ubuntu?
Are there any commands to install an application?

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Mitch's answer is the best way to go. Although, if you'd like you could skip the first part of using the terminal for the "wget" command, by going to google.com/intl/en/chrome/browser and clicking "Download chrome". You could then select 32 bit or 64 bit. Save it where you'd like and double click it just like an installer in Microsoft Windows. Other than that, please refer to Mitch's answer. Welcome to Ubuntu, hope you enjoy it here! –  Eli Jul 22 '13 at 0:07
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8 Answers 8

up vote 32 down vote accepted

You can install applications different ways. Terminal, the Ubuntu Software Center, and Synaptic.

With the Ubuntu Software Center, you just open it from the Launcher, and search for the application that you want.

If you know the right commands to install via terminal, then you'd just press Ctrl+Alt+T on your keyboard to open Terminal. When it opens, you can run the command(s) needed to install the application.

For synaptic, it has to be installed on you system. To install it, just press Ctrl+Alt+T on your keyboard to open Terminal. When it opens, run the command(s) below:

sudo apt-get install synaptic

Once installed, you can open it, and search for the application that you want to install, and just mark it for installation.

Also in some cases, you have to download either a .deb file in case of your question about Chrome, and have to manually install it, or a .tar.gz file, and that also have to done manually.

Now as far as Chrome is concerned, you can install it by downloading the .deb file, or just press Ctrl+Alt+T on your keyboard to open Terminal. When it opens, run the command(s) below:

For 32bit

wget https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_i386.deb
sudo dpkg -i google-chrome-stable_current_i386.deb

For 64bit

wget https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb
sudo dpkg -i google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb

If you encounter any error during the installation, when its done do

sudo apt-get -f install

For pros and cons of the different ways to install see this Post.

Source for chrome installation: Google

Addition

Installing software in Ubuntu can be done several ways:

Ubuntu Software Center (you can search for an application, or go through the categories)

enter image description here

Synaptic Package Manager (you can search for an application, or go through the categories)

enter image description here

Installing via Terminal

Installing from terminal can be done in several ways:

APT You can search for an application. The command to search for software is:

apt-cache search <application_name>

Adding Repositories:

Edit the sources list file, and add

sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list

Or add from terminal

sudo add-apt-repository <repository_name>
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install <application_name>

Others ways you can install

Manual download of a .deb (Debian package), and once downloaded, just press Ctrl+Alt+T on your keyboard to open Terminal. When it opens, navigate to the download location, and run the command(s) below:

sudo dpkg -i <package_name>.deb

Other options: .rpm and .tar.gz

.rpm These files are packaged for Fedora or Mandriva, but you can use alien (you can install using Synaptic) that allows you to convert .rpm files to .deb. (may not work all the time)

.tar.gz The .tar.gz file is compressed. If you see the .tar.gz, it could be compressed files that have a pre-compiled binary file, or files that have the source code allowing you to compile the application from source. To find out how to install from a .tar.gz, see How to install from a .tar.gz.

For more info see Installing Software, or A beginners guide to installing programs in Ubuntu

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Also, if you aren't worried about having the google branded version of the browser, you can always install chromium from the repository. –  AntonChanning Jun 12 '13 at 12:40
    
Hi Mitch, Thanks for the answer.It will helps me while installing. –  udaykumar Jun 12 '13 at 13:45
    
I strongly advise to only install programs from the official Ubuntu repositories (Synaptic, Software Center, or apt-get). By this, you'll get automatic updates and security patches. Also, programs installed from other sources might in rare cases cause issues when upgrading to a newer Ubuntu release. Only if you really, really need a program, and it is not available in the official repositories, I'd consider a direct download of a .deb file. –  soulsource Jul 19 '13 at 12:28
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Why talk about Ubuntu Software Center as last? That's the easiest way by far and you push it to the bottom. –  Jop Vernooij Jul 19 '13 at 19:35
    
Ubuntu Software Center is the first listed in the addition. –  Mitch Jul 19 '13 at 20:27
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There are many ways to install packages in Ubuntu. Next, I will try to mention in a list the most used methods, giving a link for each one where can be found detailed explanations.


Installing packages with an internet connection

1. Installing packages via your web browser

The APT protocol (or apturl) is a very simple way to install a software package from a web browser.

2. Installing packages via a basic graphical method

Ubuntu Software Center is a one-stop shop for installing and removing software on your computer.

3. Installing packages via an advanced graphical method

Synaptic is a graphical front-end to apt, the package management system in Ubuntu.

4. Installing packages via a text based methods


Installing packages without an internet connection

1. Using Keryx

Keryx is a portable, cross-platform package manager that provides a graphical interface for gathering updates, packages, and dependencies for offline computers.

2. Using the Synaptic package download script

Synaptic package manager has built-in feature to generate a package download script.

3. Using apt-offline

apt-offline is an offline text based apt package manager.

4. Installing downloaded packages


Source: https://help.ubuntu.com/community/InstallingSoftware

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First ensure that the CD does contain the applications, sometimes it just brings some info about the apps and a link to their installation through the Software Center.

If the applications are, in fact, into the CD, then search into CD folders to find the applications as .deb or .bin or .tar or .sh files.

If it's a .deb file

Just to double click on it and Software Center will install it for you;

If it's a .bin file

Rename it to .bin32/.bin64 (depending your arch, if you don't know just use .bin32), go to properties and permit it to run as a program, then just double click on it and you will open the installator;

If it's a .tar file

Double click on it and extract everything to a folder of your desire, into this folder you may find an icon with the program name, just double click on it to start the program.

If it's a .sh file

Go to properties and permit it to run as a program and then double click on it to start the installator.

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If I am not mistaking, the chip magazine only offers installers for Windows. You should be able to run these with a software called "WINE". A better way would be to download the *.deb files (or the source code) from the homepages of these programs (if they offer support for ubuntu) trough a friends PC with a better connection to the internet and to install (or compile) them on your PC.

But: chip mainly offers software to tweak you system, you don't need that on ubuntu ;) And: the software-center is the 'best' way to get software for Ubuntu (i think). so, as long as it is a matter of time (and not money) i would prefer getting a cup of tea/coffee over the other methods, because this way you will be able to easily update the software.

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G.Ashwin kumar said that the CD brough linux applications, considering he is sure about that maybe the CD is for an outdated Ubuntu version or it can be for other linux distribution such as OpenSUSE. Although if it's for Windows other option to install software from the internet with a slow internet connection is to use torrent files to download them. –  Rodrigo Martins Dec 27 '12 at 14:34
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Yes,there was an alternative for windows .exe or .msi file in Ubuntu,that was .deb files.Double click on that file will run the installer.

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open terminal then type sudo apt-get install <package-name> like sudo apt-get install vlc to install vlc player.

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I'll give you the best methods, starting from the simplest.

  1. SIMPLEST: Open the Ubuntu software Center. The fastest way to do this is by hitting start key and typing "Software..." till it pops up. This is a complete store. You'll find everything here.
  2. GEEKY: Ubuntu has by default something called APT. To install any package, just open a terminal (Ctrl + Alt + T) and type sudo apt-get install <package name>. For instance, to get Chrome type sudo apt-get install chromium-browser.
  3. SYNAPTIC: Synaptic is a graphical package management program for apt. It provides the same features as the apt-get command line utility with a GUI front-end based on Gtk+.
  4. KERYX: Keryx allows users to select packages to install, check for updates, and download these packages onto a USB portable storage device. The packages are saved onto the device and are then taken back to the Linux box that it originated from and are then installed. This is basically an offline tool to install packages.
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in short, installing software can be done by two methods, terminal and ubuntu software center

i recommend if you want to install normal software like google chromium or if you want to explore new softwares, install the them using ubuntu software center

also i recommend if you want to install specific packages for example C++ compiler or apache server or something for specific reasons, use terminal

to install through ubuntu software center, simply click ubuntu software center or if you have unpinned it, click on the ubuntu icon and search for ubuntu software center

open it up, you can explore programs by category or see featured programs, moreover, you can search for a program in the search box located upper-right

if you want to install through terminal :

sudo apt-get install

which package is the name of the software, for example to install c++ compiler type :

sudo apt-get install gcc

also, if you want to uninstall a software through terminal :

sudo apt-get remove

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protected by Mitch May 20 at 4:46

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