I am new to Ubuntu.
How can I install applications like Google Chrome in Ubuntu?
Are there any commands to install an application?
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You can install applications different ways. Terminal, the Ubuntu Software Center, and Synaptic.
With the Ubuntu Software Center, you just open it from the Launcher, and search for the application that you want.
If you know the right commands to install via terminal, then you'd just press Ctrl+Alt+T on your keyboard to open Terminal. When it opens, you can run the command(s) needed to install the application.
For synaptic, it has to be installed on you system. To install it, just press Ctrl+Alt+T on your keyboard to open Terminal. When it opens, run the command(s) below:
Once installed, you can open it, and search for the application that you want to install, and just mark it for installation.
Also in some cases, you have to download either a .deb file in case of your question about Chrome, and have to manually install it, or a .tar.gz file, and that also have to done manually.
Now as far as Chrome is concerned, you can install it by downloading the .deb file, or just press Ctrl+Alt+T on your keyboard to open Terminal. When it opens, run the command(s) below:
If you encounter any error during the installation, when its done do
For pros and cons of the different ways to install see this Post.
Source for chrome installation: Google
Installing software in Ubuntu can be done several ways:
Ubuntu Software Center (you can search for an application, or go through the categories)
Synaptic Package Manager (you can search for an application, or go through the categories)
Installing via Terminal
Installing from terminal can be done in several ways:
APT You can search for an application. The command to search for software is:
Edit the sources list file, and add
Or add from terminal
Others ways you can install
Manual download of a .deb (Debian package), and once downloaded, just press Ctrl+Alt+T on your keyboard to open Terminal. When it opens, navigate to the download location, and run the command(s) below:
Other options: .rpm and .tar.gz
.rpm These files are packaged for Fedora or Mandriva, but you can use alien (you can install using Synaptic) that allows you to convert .rpm files to .deb. (may not work all the time)
.tar.gz The .tar.gz file is compressed. If you see the .tar.gz, it could be compressed files that have a pre-compiled binary file, or files that have the source code allowing you to compile the application from source. To find out how to install from a .tar.gz, see How to install from a .tar.gz.
For more info see Installing Software, or A beginners guide to installing programs in Ubuntu
There are many ways to install packages in Ubuntu. Next, I will try to mention in a list the most used methods, giving a link for each one where can be found detailed explanations.
Installing packages with an internet connection
1. Installing packages via your web browser
The APT protocol (or apturl) is a very simple way to install a software package from a web browser.
2. Installing packages via a basic graphical method
Ubuntu Software Center is a one-stop shop for installing and removing software on your computer.
3. Installing packages via an advanced graphical method
4. Installing packages via a text based methods
Installing packages without an internet connection
1. Using Keryx
Keryx is a portable, cross-platform package manager that provides a graphical interface for gathering updates, packages, and dependencies for offline computers.
2. Using the Synaptic package download script
Synaptic package manager has built-in feature to generate a package download script.
3. Using apt-offline
apt-offline is an offline text based apt package manager.
4. Installing downloaded packages
First ensure that the CD does contain the applications, sometimes it just brings some info about the apps and a link to their installation through the Software Center.
If the applications are, in fact, into the CD, then search into CD folders to find the applications as
If it's a .deb file
Just to double click on it and Software Center will install it for you;
If it's a .bin file
Rename it to .bin32/.bin64 (depending your arch, if you don't know just use .bin32), go to properties and permit it to run as a program, then just double click on it and you will open the installator;
If it's a .tar file
Double click on it and extract everything to a folder of your desire, into this folder you may find an icon with the program name, just double click on it to start the program.
If it's a .sh file
Go to properties and permit it to run as a program and then double click on it to start the installator.
If I am not mistaking, the chip magazine only offers installers for Windows. You should be able to run these with a software called "WINE". A better way would be to download the *.deb files (or the source code) from the homepages of these programs (if they offer support for ubuntu) trough a friends PC with a better connection to the internet and to install (or compile) them on your PC.
But: chip mainly offers software to tweak you system, you don't need that on ubuntu ;) And: the software-center is the 'best' way to get software for Ubuntu (i think). so, as long as it is a matter of time (and not money) i would prefer getting a cup of tea/coffee over the other methods, because this way you will be able to easily update the software.
I'll give you the best methods, starting from the simplest.
Yes,there was an alternative for windows .exe or .msi file in Ubuntu,that was
open terminal then type
in short, installing software can be done by two methods, terminal and ubuntu software center
i recommend if you want to install normal software like google chromium or if you want to explore new softwares, install the them using ubuntu software center
also i recommend if you want to install specific packages for example C++ compiler or apache server or something for specific reasons, use terminal
to install through ubuntu software center, simply click ubuntu software center or if you have unpinned it, click on the ubuntu icon and search for ubuntu software center
open it up, you can explore programs by category or see featured programs, moreover, you can search for a program in the search box located upper-right
if you want to install through terminal :
which package is the name of the software, for example to install c++ compiler type :
also, if you want to uninstall a software through terminal :
Some day you'll have to remove this piece of software that you installed, so always use a removal method identical to your installation method.
Therefore, use the following priority for installing software on Ubuntu:
Click the dash, type
The Ubuntu Software Center opens:
and you have a ton of application categories on the left to choose from. Or type the name of the software in the search box in the top right corner (which is what we'll be using)
I'm as amazed as you, but there is indeed crap software for Ubuntu, so just click the crap you want, click on "Install", wait a bit and done!
To remove software using this method, click on the "installed" button on the second screen shot, click the crap you want to uninstall and click the "Uninstall" button! Easy-peasy
This is still kind of familiar: you can use the mouse, but it's like you're back in the 90s before the Internet was invented. And now comes the first hurdle: RTFM for aptitude! This is important!
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