I followed these instructions for setting up a shared internet connection with iptables. Specifically, I:
Added a network interface for my second NIC in /etc/network/interfaces like so:
iface eth1 inet static
Entered these rules exactly:
sudo iptables -A FORWARD -o eth0 -i eth1 -s 192.168.1.0/24 -m conntrack --ctstate NEW -j ACCEPT
sudo iptables -A FORWARD -m conntrack --ctstate ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT
sudo iptables -t nat -F POSTROUTING
sudo iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE
Saved my rules to a file and added it to /etc/rc.local
Enabled IP forwarding by changing the value of /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward to 1
Uncommented the line
Now, when I plug my laptop into the eth1 interface, I get an IP address and can ping the gateway, but I can't reach anything outside of that. i.e., I can't ping 188.8.131.52.
In case it's relevant, my other interface is a PPPoE connection. It looks like this:
auto dsl-provider iface dsl-provider inet ppp pre-up /sbin/ifconfig eth0 up provider dsl-provider auto eth0 iface eth0 inet manual
I thought maybe the problem was that dnsmasq wasn't assigning nameservers, so I added
dns-nameservers 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 under both interfaces in /etc/network/interfaces. That didn't help, so I tried adding the nameservers to /etc/resolv.conf. No help there. Finally, I tried adding them to /etc/dnsmasq.conf:
no-resolv server=18.104.22.168 server=22.214.171.124
This didn't help either. I'm not sure however if my problem really has anything to do with nameservers or if this is just another case of outdated, worthless documentation.
I was able to get this working with Network Manager at one point, but I didn't like how Network Manager didn't let me assign a DHCP range. So I'd like to avoid going back to that.