You need to change to the "insert" mode by moving the cursor with
There are other ways to delete characters directly.
You can download a powerpoint that I use when teaching a class on VI here.
It sounds like you are in the "Command" mode.
To move your cursor:
H = Left,
J = Up,
K = Down,
L = Right
Once you have your cursor positioned you can delete text as follows:
x Deletes the character under the cursor
X Deletes the character before the cursor
dw Deletes from the cursor to the next word
dd Deletes the line the cursor is on.
To enter text, you can use one of the text entry modes.
a Adds text to the right of the cursor
A Adds text to the end of the current line
i Adds text to the left of the cursor
I Adds test to the beginin of the current line
o Opens a new line below the current line and places you in text entry mode
O Opens a new line Above the current line and places you in text entry mode
To exit Text entry mode, and return to the Command mode, use
To Undo changes: (A student favorite)
u Undo the last command entered
U Undo all changes to the ** current line**
:w Writes (Saves) the file and remains open
:wq Writes (Saves) the file and exits VI
:q Quits (Exits) if you've made no changes
:q! Quits (Exits) without saving changes
ZZ Writes (Saves) the file and exits VI (same as