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I want to create a new user to run a service on the system but don't want to have /home and other configuration files for it. Like there is a user for postgres but it doesn't have any /home directory.

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I just found this howtogeek.com/howto/ubuntu/add-a-user-on-ubuntu-server –  Owais Lone Mar 7 '11 at 10:02

4 Answers 4

up vote 35 down vote accepted

By default the command useradd doesn't create home directorys, but for a daemon I recommend you also use the system option and change the shell to a non-existent one so no one can login with said account (in ssh for example):

sudo useradd -r -s /bin/false USERNAME

You can see all the options with man useradd and man groupadd if you want to create a group for the user too.

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useradd -r creates a system user, not only a user with no homedir. –  fromnaboo Aug 12 '12 at 15:23
notice, useradd -r also creates corresponding groups. –  Sandro Dzneladze Mar 31 '14 at 11:00

Try adduser --system --no-create-home USERNAME or simply have a look at the man adduser which claims to be a "friendlier front end to the low level tools like useradd...".

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try this command:

sudo useradd vivek

This will create a user without creating your home folder at /home/vivek

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I needed something similar - a new user without login privileges and tied to a system service. However, the answer by Clausi creates a user with the primary group as 'nogroup', which wasn't really desirable.

adduser --system --no-create-home --group USERNAME creates a system group with the same name as the user and associates it with the user as the primary group. This can then be verified by using the groups USERNAME or the id USERNAME command.

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