I went ahead and figured out how to install onto my external HDD using a CD to do it. The install went fine, and I made 3 partitions. One of 500mb, ext4, /boot. Another of about 200gb (wasn't sure how much space would be needed), ext4, /. And the third at 4000mb as a swap area. The install finished and asked me to reboot and remove the disk from the drive so it could boot from the usb. I did as it said, and it doesn't boot up. It goes to a black screen immediately after trying to boot, and sits there. I left it for about half an hour and decided just to force a shutdown and try again. This didn't work either. It's done this a couple times now, and I haven't been able to get anywhere with it to get into Ubuntu. If the drive isn't connected, I can load windows fine, so I'm assuming I installed Grub into the correct place. I got the 64bit version of the software since my computer supports it (Currently running Windows 8 64bit)
Any help would be greatly appreciated
I did see something about using boot-repair, but I can't get anywhere to do that.
Below is everything CPUZ says about my system in case it's necessary.
Thanks to Mitch for posting the picture for me
EDIT: I tried formatting the external and reinstalling, and am still running into the same problem