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To install the build dependencies of some software, we use command

$ sudo apt-get build-dep XXXX

What to do in case we want to remove those packages only, those dependency packages installed by build-dep?

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In order to find a package dependecies you can use apt-rdepends, to install run:

sudo apt-get install apt-rdepends

How to use: sudo apt-rdepends [options] [pkgs ...]

For example: apt-rdepends bash will print a list like this:

bash
  Depends: base-files (>= 2.1.12)
  Depends: debianutils (>= 2.15)
  PreDepends: dash (>= 0.5.5.1-2.2)
  PreDepends: libc6 (>= 2.15)
  PreDepends: libtinfo5
base-files
  PreDepends: awk
awk
debianutils
  Depends: sensible-utils
  PreDepends: libc6 (>= 2.15)
  ...

you can find these dependencies with apt-rdepends and then remove them by:

sudo apt-get remove --purge [PACKAGE_NAME]

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but I want to uninstall them, the files I downloaded for building the dependency of the package, say vlc – shivshnkr Apr 5 '13 at 7:32
    
will i have to remove all files one by one? Any utility for removing them at once? – shivshnkr Apr 5 '13 at 7:55

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