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I don't really know if this is the right place to ask these questions, but I would like to clear these up. Ok, so, Ubuntu sounds awesome, but I heard it has Wine on it already? If it does, that's awesome. If not, well, I like Wine. Also, this is basically a version of Linux, correct? I just wanted to know if this stuff is correct or not. Thanks for the help!

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Ubuntu is a Linux distribution, yes. WINE can be installed as a package and if you want even more you might want to have a look at the (commercial) CrossOver products, which will also help WINE development in the process ;) –  0xC0000022L Mar 23 '13 at 0:52
    
@Jonas If you haven't already spend a few minutes exploring ubuntu.com/ubuntu/features –  pfeiffep Mar 23 '13 at 0:59
    
Thanks for the help! –  Jonas Mar 23 '13 at 0:59
    
I recommend PlayOnLinux over Crossover, it's easier to use and it seems more Windows programs are supported. –  paed808 Mar 23 '13 at 1:54
    
I could see a possible argument for closing this as NARQ since it is not a (single) question. But not constructive. Can someone who has voted to close please comment to explain why? This is asking for concrete information. I made an answer to give this information. (I have also somewhat synthesized the two separate questions. Sort of.) –  Eliah Kagan Apr 11 '13 at 3:04
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1 Answer 1

Linux is the kernel that Ubuntu and many other operating systems use. Operating systems that use Linux as their kernel and use it with the most common libraries and tools (for example, GNU libc) are called Linux distributions or GNU/Linux distributions.

Confusingly, while Linux is a kernel, the term Linux is also sometimes used to refer to Linux-based operating systems (i.e., "Linux distributions"), or to refer to their shared characteristics that some people consider to comprise an operating system (of which all Linux distributions, also called GNU/Linux distributions, can be considered parallel variations). The term GNU/Linux also refers to this (and is not the name of a kernel).

All the above terms are widely considered correct, though all of them are also considered wrong by a few people here and there. You can read about the naming controversies if you like. During the ordinary course or using and talking about operating systems and kernels, they usually don't get in the way too much and most of the time terms are widely understood however they are used, from context.

As you may be aware, Wine is an emulation layer that provides an infrastructure running Windows programs. Many Windows programs run well on Wine, but also plenty run poorly or not at all. Wine runs on a wider variety of platforms than "Linux" systems. It runs on GNU/Linux distributions like Ubuntu, but also on other Unix-like systems, such as FreeBSD and Mac OS X.

Ubuntu does not come with Wine installed by default, but you can install it easily. Wine is officially packaged for Ubuntu and Wine in Ubuntu is maintained officially by the Ubuntu community (it is provided through Ubuntu's official software sources). Just open the Software Center, type in Wine, and install it when given the option to do so.

Wine is provided by the wine Install wine package. You can also install it by running:

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install wine

If you want to install the latest version of wine, see these instructions and/or this question. The Wine PPA should be pretty safe but it's a good idea to read these guidelines before using it or any other PPAs.

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