Install from Chrome Webstore and play via Google Chrome
Yes you can, altough Linux isn't officially supported according to the game's website (system requirements), but the game is available in the Chrome Webstore for all platforms:
Chrome Web Store - Don't Starve
Note: does not work on the Ubuntu builds of Chromium, because Native Client (NaCl) is disabled (bug).
- Open the above Chrome Webstore link in
- Click Add to Chrome.
- You will be prompted to log in with a Google account - log in or create one and log in.
- Answer Add to the confirmation question when asked.
Once installed, you can launch it from Chrome's new tab page. If it does not work, there might be an issue with your graphics card, its drivers and the WebGL support in Chrome.
Tested on: Chrome 30.0.1599.66, Ubuntu 12.10 64-bit, Intel HD4000 Graphics (xserver-xorg-video-intel: 2:2.21.9-0ubuntu0~raring).