I recently installed Ubuntu Server 12.04 LTS. After I tried to make the very first update in a couple of days, I encountered a problem which is not new, but I think in my case it is a bit distinguished.
So, I tried to install a new kernel version. The system said there is an error, something with dependencies, so it said to try
apt-get -f install instead. The output:
xxx@lab103-server:~$ sudo apt-get -f install Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done Correcting dependencies... Done The following extra packages will be installed: linux-image-3.2.0-37-generic Suggested packages: fdutils linux-doc-3.2.0 linux-source-3.2.0 linux-tools The following NEW packages will be installed: linux-image-3.2.0-37-generic 0 upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove and 39 not upgraded. 2 not fully installed or removed. Need to get 0 B/38.5 MB of archives. After this operation, 149 MB of additional disk space will be used. Do you want to continue [Y/n]? Y (Reading database ... 187430 files and directories currently installed.) Unpacking linux-image-3.2.0-37-generic (from .../linux-image-3.2.0-37-generic_3.2.0-37.58_amd64.deb) ... Done. dpkg: error processing /var/cache/apt/archives/linux-image-3.2.0-37-generic_3.2.0-37.58_amd64.deb (--unpack): failed in write on buffer copy for backend dpkg-deb during `./lib/modules/3.2.0-37-generic/kernel/drivers/usb/serial/ftdi_sio.ko': No space left on device No apport report written because the error message indicates a disk full error dpkg-deb: error: subprocess paste was killed by signal (Broken pipe) Examining /etc/kernel/postrm.d . run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postrm.d/initramfs-tools 3.2.0-37-generic /boot/vmlinuz-3.2.0-37-generic run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postrm.d/zz-update-grub 3.2.0-37-generic /boot/vmlinuz-3.2.0-37-generic Errors were encountered while processing: /var/cache/apt/archives/linux-image-3.2.0-37-generic_3.2.0-37.58_amd64.deb E: Sub-process /usr/bin/dpkg returned an error code (1)
As you can see, there's not enough space somewhere. Concerning space:
xxx@lab103-server:~$ df -hT Filesystem Type Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/mapper/vg-root ext4 330M 240M 74M 77% / udev devtmpfs 3.9G 8.0K 3.9G 1% /dev tmpfs tmpfs 1.6G 764K 1.6G 1% /run none tmpfs 5.0M 0 5.0M 0% /run/lock none tmpfs 3.9G 600K 3.9G 1% /run/shm /dev/sda2 ext2 229M 26M 192M 12% /boot /dev/mapper/vg-usr ext4 8.4G 6.5G 1.5G 82% /usr /dev/mapper/vg-var ext4 2.8G 604M 2.1G 23% /var /dev/mapper/vg-tmp ext4 378M 359M 0 100% /tmp /dev/mapper/vg-home ext4 901G 25G 831G 3% /home /dev/sda1 vfat 190M 124K 190M 1% /boot/efi
My system information:
Linux lab103-server 3.2.0-29-generic #46-Ubuntu SMP Fri Jul 27 17:03:23 UTC 2012 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux
Other posts suggest to remove the old kernels to free some space before installing new ones, but in my case, I only have one kernel version!
lozovskiy@lab103-server:~$ dpkg -l | grep linux-image ii linux-image-3.2.0-29-generic 3.2.0-29.46 Linux kernel image for version 3.2.0 on 64 bit x86 SMP iU linux-image-server 18.104.22.168.45 Linux kernel image on Server Equipment.
I am afraid to remove them, so I think another solution would be first increasing space of
/boot? Or is it
/? Which one and how to increase?