sudo apt-get update, and the problem still happens. So you probably just have a newer version of
linux-headers-server than any
linux-server package available from your configured software sources.
This could occur for a very short time even if you're using the central server (or for a longer time if there were a problem updating it). My understanding is that it can occur for longer periods of time if you use a mirror. That doesn't mean you shouldn't use a mirror--the central server (
http://archive.ubuntu.com) is usually very slow, and national, regional, or other mirrors are much faster.
A package search reveals that version 188.8.131.52.45 of both
linux-server exist for Ubuntu 12.04. So it's probably related to your mirror.
Here are some alternatives:
If you're able to use the package manager for other purposes, for example, to install other packages, then you can just ignore this. When your mirror gets updated, you'll probably just get the package.
It's not a problem not to have the latest
linux-server package, as it's a metapackage that doesn't provide any actual software. It exists only so it can list three packages as dependencies, ensuring they remain installed:
You already have the latest versions of
linux-image-server. My guess is that this is a 64-bit system, which is why no message about
linux-generic-pae was shown. It seems like everything is fine.
- If the problem is preventing updating and installing other packages from working (as opposed to just showing those messages whenever you do so but not interfering with it), then you should apply some other solution.
- You may also wish to do so, if you just don't like seeing these messages all the time and want to get rid of them.
- It's a little strange you're not getting this package, even if you use a mirror that lags a bit behind the main download server, because this package is also provided by
http://security.ubuntu.com. That server should always been enabled in
/etc/apt/sources.list. So I recommend checking to make sure that is enabled. You may want to back up
sources.list before editing it (
sudo cp /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list.old). The problem could also be a consequence of a caching web proxy (if you use one) with stale data. (The solutions below will work around that, too.)
Change to a Different Download Server
I'd guess you're running an Ubuntu Server system and probably don't have a GUI installed. So, see:
After changing your mirror, run:
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get dist-upgrade
If you like, you can change your server back after
linux-server is updated.
Manually Download and Install the
.deb Package File
You can manually download and install the
.deb file for the latest version of the
linux-server metapackage in Ubuntu 12.04.
cd to wherever you want to download the package.
If this is a 64-bit system, run:
If this is a 32-bit system, run this instead:
(I obtained both those links on the Launchpad page for the
linux-meta source package in Ubuntu.)
Now (for both 64-bit and 32-bit), run this command to install the package:
sudo dpkg -i linux-server_184.108.40.206.25_*.deb
(Or just start typing the package's name and use Tab to complete it.)
Remove the Package
Since it's a metapackage providing software you already have, you can remove the package. Then you won't get the error anymore. You can install it again later if you like (you could periodically run
apt-get update && apt-cache policy linux-server to see if the new version is available).
There are two steps, if you want to remove it. The first is to uninstall
linux-server. the second is to make sure the packages won't be automatically removed later.
The dependencies will not be removed immediately. So it doesn't matter which of these steps you do first.
linux-server, just run:
sudo apt-get remove linux-server
2. Mark Its Dependencies as Manually Installed
To tell APT (the package manager) about packages that you intend to have installed even if nothing remains that declares them a dependency, mark them as manually installed.
To do that, run this command, if this is a 64-bit system:
sudo apt-mark manual linux-image-server linux-headers-server
If it's a 32-bit system, run this instead:
sudo apt-mark manual linux-image-server linux-headers-server linux-generic-pae
(You should have
apt-mark but if you don't and you cannot install software, you can use
apt-get install instead of
apt-mark manual--specifying a package manually for installation causes it to be marked as manually installed even if if was already installed.)
Source: Mark a deb package as used, so it's not suggested for autoremoval
(In particular, Lekensteyn's answer.)