So first of all, thank you for reading this.
Secondly (if all goes well with my tests) this is just a question because (as i said, if everything goes well), this should be worked out by now and will also just serve as an example of a solution.
Thirdly... the problem.
So i was getting that first("Error: Failure Writing Sector XxXXXXX to 'hd0' ") problem everytime i installed Ubuntu 12.10 (both 32 and 64 bit flavour) with a custom partition scheme: - usually 100MB(megabyte) for /boot at the beginning of the disk (left side when using GParted) - then 100GB for / (because i had read that this error and the second could come from the size of the / partition, or at least that was what i got from that post) - then 2 - 8GB of swap(i have 4GB of ram)
And i was getting the second error( "Error: attempt to read or write outside of 'hd0' ") when i "asked" Ubuntu to use the whole disk or when i used a \ partition of more than 100GB.
Since i was getting these errors, i used other GNU/Linux'es to see if it was "my computer not liking Ubuntu", namely Mint and Backtrack(i apologise if i can't name other GNU/Linux distros here), because i have used them before, both the latest, Mint 14 and Backtrack 5 R3.
Now with Mint, the same happened, but it didn't with Backtrack, which if I'm not mistaken(and i might well be ) uses Ubuntu 10.04(or is it 12.04? anyway,) i installed Ubuntu 10.04 64bit, and the error didn't appear! So, so far so good, I'm upgrading now to Ubuntu 12.04 and hopefully it will keep working...
I forgot to mention i used the boot-repair tool both times,and when i did the "recommended action" it would do nothing,apparently, meaning it would just show the error again.
So after this big text, can someone tell me why is this happening? Does Ubuntu 10.04 use GRUB ( i mean the first grub) and 12.10 uses GRUB Legacy(GRUB 2 then) and is somehow an incompatibility(is that right spelled) with my computer\bios\disks (because i used 2 disk, one 320GB with about 4 years and a 1TB with about 3 years which was an external and i put it inside the tower) ?
I apologise if i somehow break any of the rules and also my native language isn't English so if anyone doesn't understand and doesn't bother helping me out, please just ask me and i will try to clarify.
--- Edit 1 ---
Thank you TrailRider, for pointing out that i was using \ instead of /. That's what you get when using Windows most of you life/day. Unfortunately(because then its just an easy solution) its just a typo. Because I'm using the graphic installer of Ubuntu and if i remember right when a person wants to chose the mount point(/,/usr/home), this is chosen from a drop-down menu, so i can't typo there. Also these errors also appear when asking Ubuntu to use the whole disk so, for sure in that case i can't typo.
I still have check that machine again and then i will report here again. I checked it moments ago and it needed my permission to remove some obsolete packages(or so i think it said), so the upgrade should finish soon... I hope :)
--- Edit 2 ---
So after updating to 12.04 the same errors appear. The OS boots, so its not that bad but its strange it appear , or so i think. I'll try to give more info with the repair-boot tool.
--- Edit 3 ---
So I managed to make a report with the boot-repair tool. here is is: http://paste.ubuntu.com/1593487/ would this help?