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I have many jpeg files in a directory, and I want to convert them to pdf and concatenate them together to make a document. How can it be done? I'd prefer the command line, as it will be faster.

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From the imagemagick package, use the convert command:

convert *.jpg pictures.pdf

You will get a single pdf containing all jpg in the current folder.

Install IM with:

sudo apt-get install imagemagick

source: stackoverflow

Edit: Note that images will be out of specific order if they are not numbered. if you have 10 or more you need to name them ending filename01.jpg...filename99.jpg etc. The leading zeros are required for proper ordering. If you have 100 or more 001...999.

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Wow, this is soooo convenient! – king_julien Apr 19 '14 at 21:39
@lovespeed Why has this answer not been accepted? – MrHug Oct 7 '14 at 20:45
Using the joker didn't work for me, I had to use @Alex's solution. – Eusebius Sep 11 '15 at 9:31
@Eusebius if the wildcard doesn't work for you with convert, you could use a oneliner like for f in *.jpg; do convert "$f" "$f.pdf"; done; pdftk *.pdf cat output final.pdf – Elder Geek Dec 2 '15 at 0:00
convert `ls -1v` file.pdf
  • This ls will list one file a time in a "natural order" (1,2,3...) and proceed with conversion.
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Just what I was looking for to convert scanned images of an old book to a PDF version. – eshwar Apr 9 '15 at 5:08
I tried this and it didn't work for me. numerous errors indicate that it might have something to do with spaces in the filenames. – Elder Geek Dec 1 '15 at 23:31

Worked for me (BUT warning! turns off compression and resulting PDF will be big!):

convert page1.jpg page2.jpg +compress file.pdf

or even:

convert -rotate 90 page\*.jpg +compress file.pdf

From, the +compress helps it to not hang. NOTE: the +compress turns off compression. The machine I was working on at the time seemed to hang ?forever?(I did not wait forever though to find out.) without the +compress option. Your Mileage May Vary quite a bit! RTFM on option -compress, maybe experiment with -compress < type> if you have slow compression/hanging problems to find out what will work for you.

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Do NOT use the +compress option with the convert command as suggested above! It actually disables all compression leaving you with a PDF 10 times bigger than the original JPEG. Just don't specify compression options, and convert will go with the input compression format (JPEG) which in this case is the best option file size-wise. Source: – user335432 Oct 7 '14 at 20:25
That is not intuitive! Thanks S Minddal. That did work for me. I presume the machine I was using had a problem doing the compression then. I will adjust answer. – gaoithe Oct 8 '14 at 14:31
so $ converet *.jpg file.pdf worked well with smaller file size than with +compress argument – doctorate Sep 1 '15 at 18:02

Open jpg or png file with LibreOffice Writer and export as PDF.

I hope, this is simple way to export pdf.

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Yes! LibreOffice is the best way to export image files to PDF. We have full control of the PDF output, including page layout, resizing of imported files, optional headers and footers e more... Many thanks to user359154 for the clever suggestion! – user371260 Jan 22 '15 at 16:59

The following solution also relies on ImageMagick's convert but is a bit more sophisticatedly because:

  • It allows all images to have different dimensions, while keeping the output PDF page size the same (A4 in the example below).
  • It centers the images on the PDF page.
  • It allows you to add a minimum border between images and PDF page border, to allow printing the PDF without problems.
  • It does not change the image data. (So image quality is unaffected, the PDF file has about the same file size as the image, and you can re-extract the original JPGs later with pdfimages -j file.pdf img.)


  1. Use my script from this answer to convert each image into its own one-page PDF file with A4 page size and 5% border all around.
  2. Concatenate all your one-page PDF files with PDFtk as follows:

    pdftk *.pdf cat output out.pdf
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This command shows that (at least with the versions supplied on Ubuntu 16.04) image data is affected: convert some.jpg -format pdf -compress jpeg generated.pdf ; pdfimages -j generated.pdf generated.pdf ; diff -sq some.jpg generated.pdf-000.jpg – Stéphane Gourichon Jul 21 at 0:14

I have used The positive thing that you can provide (the same site but different page) an archive of images and concatenate them to the common pdf

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protected by Community Jan 22 '15 at 17:08

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