Modern ultrabooks and hybrids pack sufficient power to serve as development workstations. Still, 1920x1080 screen resolution fits much better to a 23'' than 13''. There is a range of USB 3.0 devices with HDMI which make docking possible on Windows.
However, googling for 'usb 3.0 docking station ubuntu' and variants produces no valid pointers. I can find questions like 'does X work with linux' on windows-mostly hardware forums, but they are mostly left unanswered.
Please provide an answer from hand-on experience or a link to a USB 3.0 device use case.