sudo su -
- loads up all the environment files. From
-, -l, --login
Provide an environment similar to what the user would expect had
the user logged in directly.
When - is used, it must be specified as the last su option. The
other forms (-l and --login) do not have this restriction.
In the general case you run
sudo -i mycomment, as the man page of
The -i (simulate initial login) option runs the shell
specified in the passwd(5) entry of the target user as a
login shell. This means that login-specific resource files
such as .profile or .login will be read by the shell. If a
command is specified, it is passed to the shell for
execution. Otherwise, an interactive shell is executed.
sudo attempts to change to that user's home directory
before running the shell. It also initializes the
environment, leaving DISPLAY and TERM unchanged, setting
HOME, SHELL, USER, LOGNAME, and PATH, as well as the
contents of /etc/environment on Linux and AIX systems. All
other environment variables are removed.