Is there a meta-package for installing commonly used developer tools such as cmake, autoconf, g++, etc.? The intent is to have roughly the same range of command-line tools as one has after installing XCode and the Mac SDK on Apple.
The Ubuntu SDK is the recommended way to develop apps for Ubuntu.
The Get Started page on the Ubuntu App Developer site will always contain up-to-date information on how to install the SDK and all related tools. In any case, here's how:
For Ubuntu 12.10 and Ubuntu 12.04 LTS users:
Alternatively, for those using Ubuntu 13.04 or a development release: