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Sometimes programs tell me I can't start it because there is already another instance of it running. Best example would be Firefox and Chromium, but this problem accounts for many applications.

I cannot find the applications PID in the running processes.

How to kill all running instances of a program, e.g. Firefox?

I tried:

ps ax | grep firefox

But everything I can find is:

8193 ?        Rl     0:08 /usr/lib/firefox/firefox

I tried:

kill 8193

But I get:

Process not found

Actually, even when Firefox is running accurately, I cannot find its instances in ps.

What did I miss?

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2  
With killall firefox you will kill it. –  Uri Herrera Jan 10 '13 at 19:47
    
and add a -9 if that doesn't work –  Gerhard Burger Jan 11 '13 at 12:41

2 Answers 2

up vote 5 down vote accepted

The easiest solution for a program that is not responding would be:

killall -9 firefox

For other killall options, see this article on Wikipedia: Link

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Check if this works

kill -9 `ps -e | grep firefox | cut -b1-6`
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So ps -e | grep firefox shows me the right process, interesting! –  Martin Betz Jan 10 '13 at 19:51
    
actually, pidof is much easier than this. pidof firefox will get you the right proces immediately. So the the solution could be kill -9 $(pidof firefox). ( the use of backticks (`) is depracated). But I prefer Uri Herrera's solution killall -9 firefox which should do exactly the same. –  Gerhard Burger Jan 11 '13 at 12:45

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