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I downloaded a Chromium snapshot and unzipped it, like this:

michael@ubuntu:/opt/chrome-linux$ ls
chrome                        nacl_irt_x86_32.nexe
chrome.1        product_logo_48.png
chrome_100_percent.pak  locales                         resources
chrome.pak              nacl_helper                     resources.pak
chrome_sandbox          nacl_helper_bootstrap           xdg-mime
chrome-wrapper          nacl_irt_srpc_x86_32.nexe       xdg-settings

But when I try to run chrome, it isn't there...

michael@ubuntu:/opt/chrome-linux$ ./chrome
bash: ./chrome: No such file or directory

Does anyone know why it won't open? Running Xubuntu 12.10 AMD64.

michael@ubuntu:/opt/chrome-linux$ ldd /opt/chrome-linux/* | grep -i "not found"
ldd: /opt/chrome-linux/locales: not regular file
ldd: /opt/chrome-linux/resources: not regular file
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Can you post the download link for that Chromium snapshot? – Eric Carvalho Dec 21 '12 at 20:02
It has execution permission? chmod +x chrome – Salem Dec 21 '12 at 20:05
Yes, it is marked as executable. – Michael Dec 21 '12 at 20:06
Maybe you're missing some libraries. Run ldd /opt/chrome-linux/* | grep -i "not found". Post the results. – Eric Carvalho Dec 21 '12 at 20:15
up vote 3 down vote accepted

Short answer: you're missing 32-bit support. Install lib6:i386, i.e. the 32-bit base library package, and all the other 32-bit libraries that Chrome needs (it's likely to be close to the dependencies of the Chromium package).

When you fail to execute a file that depends on a “loader”, the error you get may refer to the loader rather than the file you're executing.

  • The loader of a dynamically-linked native executable is the part of the system that's responsible for loading dynamic libraries. It's something like /lib/ or /lib/, and should be an executable file.
  • The loader of a script is the program mentioned on the shebang line, e.g. /bin/sh for a script that begins with #!/bin/sh.

The error message is rather misleading in not indicating that the loader is the problem. Unfortunately, fixing this would be hard because the kernel interface only has room for reporting a numeric error code, not for also indicating that the error in fact concerns a different file.

Once you install the 32-bit dynamic loader /lib/, which is in the libc6:i386 package, you will at least get a non-misleading error message telling you of the other missing libraries.

share|improve this answer

The fastest way to get to Gilles' solution is to install ia32-libs-multiarch. While this does pull in a lot of packages, it saves you the time to figure out all the different dependencies.

share|improve this answer
Yes, basically, this is just a metapackage depending on the same (or similar) set of libraries that were shipped with the ia32-libs package before the Multiarch change. It's fair quick solution if you don't mind the big load of 32-bit packages to be installed. I'll integrate this in my answer of another question. :) – gertvdijk Jan 24 '13 at 13:13
The problem is that the ia32-libs package is removed since Ubuntu 13.10. – c_korn Oct 12 '13 at 15:19

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