Take the 2-minute tour ×
Ask Ubuntu is a question and answer site for Ubuntu users and developers. It's 100% free, no registration required.

I have a set of custom commands I run on my computers after I install them. How do I make Ubuntu check for updates every 4 weeks and install them automatically on check?

I would need this done via command line so I can set it up for usual users when I set up their computers.

The first command will make the update manager check for updates every 2 weeks because they not always come so much and to save the bandwidth of the Ubuntu servers.

I also need to set it so that users don't need to click to install updates since it's tiring every time I help a friend set up a computer.

share|improve this question
add comment

4 Answers 4

First, enable automatic updates like this:

sudo apt-get install unattended-upgrades

You then need to edit its configuration, type

sudo nano /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/50unattended-upgrades

(replace nano with your preferred text editor if you want)

The file looks like this:

Unattended-Upgrade::Allowed-Origins {
        "Ubuntu maverick-security";
//      "Ubuntu maverick-updates";
};

The // means this line is a comment and won't be considered by the program, remove the strokes to include stable release updates in addition to security fixes. Also, replace maverick with the version of Ubuntu you're running.

To set the interval at which the system checks for updates, edit the /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/10periodic file with a text editor:

APT::Periodic::Update-Package-Lists "14";
APT::Periodic::Download-Upgradeable-Packages "14";
APT::Periodic::AutocleanInterval "14";
APT::Periodic::Unattended-Upgrade "14";

In this example, the system is updated every two weeks.

For a more detailed explanation, see Automatic Updates in the Ubuntu server guide.


Note that papukaija's answer is talking about the interval at which the Update Manager dialogue pops up on your screen, I'm guessing that's not what you wan't, but I'm not sure. :)

share|improve this answer
    
Dialogs not needed to pop up and it not going in 1 line. If i set in Software sources 2 weeks to be checked then is it possible that update dialog pops up earlier or later? Needed is that with 1 line would be possible to set up that user wouldnt even know he has system beeing updated every 4 weeks and he doesnt needs to see any updates asking and automatically its just installed. So i dont need to set that manually with mouse in Software sources. –  Kangarooo Jan 26 '11 at 0:48
    
I'm not sure I understand you. You can disable the update notifications by going to System → Preferences → Startup Applications and removing the check mark at "Update Notifier". Is that what you meant? Also, of course you can set it to "30" instead of "14" days (or any amount you want) –  Stefano Palazzo Jan 26 '11 at 1:01
    
And that can be also done with one line? If yes thats also good to do if not- its not main thing i wanted. Main thing is to overcome going to Software sources setings to change update checking and what to do. I want to put check every 28 days and install updates without asking anything in terminal so its faster. –  Kangarooo Jan 26 '11 at 5:08
    
One line command in my answer: apt-get update && apt-get upgrade -y –  luri Jan 27 '11 at 23:03
    
@luri that's not what this question is about –  Stefano Palazzo Jan 27 '11 at 23:07
show 1 more comment

If you mean update everything "updatable", i.e., update ALL your packages, I guess you could cron (within the root cron) than every 28 days apt-get update && apt-get upgrade -y is run.

Some people have problems with crond jobs because of a restrictive PATH setting. Should you have any problem you can define your PATH at the very beginning of the crontab -e file (as suggested in CronHowto)

Also, to check that everything is going OK, I'd log the results, like this:

root@PORTATIL:/var/log$ crontab -l
* * */2 * * /usr/share/myupdate.sh > /var/log/myupdate.log

myupdate.sh could be as simple as this:

#!/bin/bash
#Testing updates
echo "$(date) Crond myupdate sarting."
apt-get update -y
apt-get upgrade -y
echo "$(date)Crond myupdate finished."
share|improve this answer
    
This doesn't work for me. When I get my cron logs, aptitude -y safe-upgrade is complaining about needing a controlling tty, and then a bunch of path errors. Maybe I should make a question.. –  djeikyb Jan 28 '11 at 21:45
    
Did you set it within the root cron? –  luri Jan 28 '11 at 21:57
    
Yep. It was failing because of some different path problems, so I made a script at /root/bin, with #!/bin/bash, and full path to apt-get. It works better, but it still doesn't upgrade. –  djeikyb Jan 28 '11 at 22:48
    
Post the errors in the log.... or whatever fails –  luri Jan 28 '11 at 23:37
    
I made a separate question: askubuntu.com/q/23795/8515 –  djeikyb Jan 29 '11 at 0:39
show 2 more comments

You can change the interval between the time when update-manager is run by opening gconf-editor (for example with Alt+F2 and typing gconf-editor). Then locate /apps/update-notifier.

The interval is defined in key regular_auto_launch_interval where the value is number of days. I think that this method doesn't affect the non-graphical automatic updater (unattended-upgrades).

Please note that Ubuntu may not automatically install security updates due to a bug.

share|improve this answer
4  
This is the command line version of this answer: gconftool -s /apps/update-notifier/regular_auto_launch_interval --type int 7 (where 7 is the interval in days) –  Stefano Palazzo Jan 25 '11 at 1:19
    
I just checked it was already 7. But in Software sources its set 2 weeks. Maybe its somewhere else? –  Kangarooo Jan 26 '11 at 0:43
add comment

I put gconftool -s /apps/update-notifier/regular_auto_launch_interval --type int 1 and its opening every day showing i have not installed updates. Does it open if theres no new updates? So then making auto update every 4 weeks would not make this pop up? So then just how to make with CLI to auto install updates every checking every 4 weeks? THats what i want. By not going to Software sources and doing it with mouse. And doing so its possible couse it cant be put more then 2 weeks in there.

share|improve this answer
add comment

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.