Even though there are some good answers already, I thought I'd mention for completeness the old
popd Bash builtins with allow you to move very quickly between directories in deep paths in your filesystem. In contrast to the
autojump bookmarks mentioned by burger.ga, the directory stack created by using
pushd is only temporary.
As the GNU manual notes,
popd are Bash builtins used to construct a temporary directory stack that is a
list of recently-visited directories. The pushd builtin adds directories to the stack as it changes the current directory, and the popd builtin removes specified directories from the stack and changes the current directory to the directory removed. The dirs builtin displays the contents of the directory stack.
It takes a bit of getting used to, but there are plenty of useful tutorials out there at this blog and this this site for example. There are no separate manpages for the commands, as they are included in the Bash manpage, but for quick reference you can view the GNU Bash page.
The clearest explanation is in this very useful article and is exactly the way I use
dirs -l to list directories on the stack and
dirs -c to clear the stack.
In a sense you bookmark the location where you want to return by entering
and then you can add more directories to the stack, so you get a dirs listing as below, which includes 3 designated folders and your
~ home folder:
~/Downloads/folder/interest ~/Music/artist/album ~ ~/Pictures/Canon/2012_07_01
You actually don't need to use
popd straightaway as that removes directories from the stack; the best thing to do is to use
pushd to rotate the stack, so that you can keep switching between the directories and order them as you want. For more on that useful stack rotation see the Bash manpage.
If you have exactly the stack arrangement as the above
dirs listing shows,
pushd +3 switches you to the specific Pictures folder and places that on top of the stack (it is +3 and not +4 as you do not count your
~ in the directory stack):
~/Pictures/Canon/2012_07_01 ~/Downloads/folder/interest ~/Music/artist/album ~
So the prompt reads,
You can keep on doing this without removing them from the stack, although any folders you
cd to, other than those added to the directory stack with
pushd, will alter your directory stack.
Once you have the directory stack arranged in the order you want, you can use
popd to quickly cycle through the directories and then return to the home folder; for example, from
Pictures we can return to
~/Downloads/folder/interest ~/Music/artist/album ~
and the prompt reads
In general the beauty of this is that you can set up the directory stack and the order of items within it with
pushd and then, say you have three files to edit in each of those directories, you can return instantly to each one with
popd while removing them from the directory stack. Then with your last
popd you will return to
~. It becomes particularly useful when you have particularly deep directories and can use it to set up the directory stack to quickly move between them.
In addition, this question contains some tips that you might find useful when working on the command-line: