I'm currently using Ubuntu 11.10 in German. I noticed, that the
Desktop folder's name is "Arbeitsfläche". Unfortunately I am used to
"cd Desktop" instead of "cd Arbeitsfläche". Is it possible to rename
my Arbeitsfläche to Desktop without breaking my system? source
Create A Symbolic Link
You could either do a simple trick which would be to create a symbolic link to Arbeitsfläche. This is guaranteed to work!
cd ~; ln -s Arbeitsfläche Desktop
Modify the naming
The naming of thiese special folders can be specify by a set of variable. You would need to open the file ~/.config/user-dirs.dirs for edition and change the following line:
Then you would need to create the appropriate directory and move your data from the old one to the new one. A log-in and log-out should be enough. Hopefully ;)
But with this solution, it is not impossible that some weirdly developed applications gets confused. Whereas with a symbolic link, this will always work!