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My Ubuntu is stuck in a login loop when trying to enter my desktop. When I login, the screen gets black and soon after that the login screen comes back.

I've read that the problem might be caused by an error depending on the graphics, here's my graphics card: ATI Radeon 7670M

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Look in ~/.xsession-errors; there might be a clue there. – offby1 Apr 21 '12 at 23:09
@CalvinWahlers Since you installed Quantal, you couldn't start the system correctly? Have you installed drivers some? Could you connect from some TTY (Ctrl+Alt+F1..F6) with any user? – Lucio Nov 30 '12 at 2:13
no, it worked fin for I think month... But suddenly that happened – Calvin Wahlers Nov 30 '12 at 12:45
seems that I can't post an answer. I had a similar problem and after trying all workarounds mentioned here with no success, I found that my sessions where messed up in /usr/share/xsessions. Moved all files there to my /home dir (to have a copy) and tried to login using kdm (I use Kubuntu). To select kdm as login screen, I executed sudo dpkg-reconfigure lightdm and selected kdm. With kdm you can select a previous session or a default one. This was the way to go. – Ivan Ferrer Villa Feb 12 '14 at 21:40
I have same graphics card ATI Radeon HD 7500/7600 M. I also got into bootloop yesterday. Reason : I did a restore using sbackup, everything worked but after restart I got into login loop. For me nothing mentioned in answers worked so i did a fresh system install. I commented my part so that any link between both can help community. Things i restored were folders : home, etc,usr,var. – NobleCreed Jul 7 '15 at 14:03

32 Answers 32

up vote 184 down vote accepted

Press Ctrl+Alt+F3 and login into the shell.

Now run ls -lah. If in the output the line

-rw-------  1 root root   53 Nov 29 10:19 .Xauthority

then you need to do chown username:username .Xauthority and try logging in.

Else, do ls -ld /tmp. Check for the first 10 letters in the left: they should read exactly so: drwxrwxrwt.

drwxrwxrwt 15 root root 4096 Nov 30 04:17 /tmp

Else, you need to do sudo chmod a+wt /tmp and check again.

If not both, I'd recommend you either

  1. dpkg-reconfigure lightdm
  2. or uninstall, reinstall it.

Now press Alt+-> until you reach the login screen again, and restart.

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I've same problem, chown username:username .Xauthority helped. But, anyone has an explanation? – ts01 Jan 23 '13 at 8:41
I actually even had to remove my .Xauthority for things to work. For some reasons, none of the above solved my problem. – jlengrand Oct 15 '13 at 8:51
This was exactly my problem. Couldn't the devs think of something simple like popping up "Permission denied while attempting to edit /home/username/.Xauthority. Ensure username has read/write permissions."? This could have saved the 41000 people who have viewed this question so far some huge headaches. – Mike Dec 22 '13 at 6:18
+1 - Although I had to do this for both .Xauthority and .ICEauthority – Aust Jan 17 '14 at 16:00
I had to chown .Xauthority, .ICEauthority, and .gvfs. This was caused by me running sudo startx from an ssh session, because for some yet undetermined reason, X keeps shutting down – Nacht Sep 20 '14 at 3:16

I encountered this exact problem and non of the suggested fixes above worked for me. After almost giving up I looked at the .xsession-errors and noticed I had a typo in my .profile (I had an extra } in the file after I edited it earlier in the day).

That was causing the login loop. It might be another place to look if the other suggested fixes don't work for you.

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My situation was very similar. I had recently added a run function for running commands multiple times in my .profile and that function, though it worked as advertised, seems to have been the cause of my problem. Commenting it out fixed it. – pthurmond Jun 6 '13 at 16:05
This worked for me. My PC lost power during an electrical storm and some how I ended up with a extraneous line at the end of my .profile. No clue how it got there. Anyway, I'd say the general solution should just be to check .xsession-errors and see what it says. – Brandon Yates Jun 7 '13 at 15:57
This is a good one! I hit the same lightdm login loop problem, spent 30 mins troubelshooting with no luck (tried all possible workaround I can find). Turned out to be a syntax error in ~/.profile caused by rbenv. – Terry Wang Oct 7 '13 at 2:58
This solved my problem - failing line in ~/.profile – Joshua Nov 9 '13 at 1:39
+1 - Thanks for mentioning .xsession-errors – Aust Jan 17 '14 at 15:59

I had a nearly identical problem a few months ago. Switching into a console from the LightDM login screen (Ctrl-Alt-F1), logging in with administrative username and password, and entering the following commands resolved the issue:

sudo mv ~/.Xauthority ~/.Xauthority.backup
sudo service lightdm restart
share|improve this answer
,Thanks I just type the second command It solved my problem but what this command will do will you plz elaborate – Ali786 Aug 6 '14 at 10:25
This command renames ".Xauthority", which is a file that stores credentials used for authentication of X sessions (basically a cookie), to ".Xauthority.backup". Renaming this file causes xauth to create a new ".Xauthority" file, thereby re-authenticating. – mblasco Aug 11 '14 at 13:53
BRILLIANT. can't thank you enough - worked first time. – whytheq Jun 11 at 20:19

Faced the same problem today.

The cause was a bit strange to me. xubuntu-desktop was removed, so was ubuntu-desktop. LightDM exited with no error message. Tried lxdm and when I tried to login, it popped up a message saying Xubuntu could not be found.

Reinstalled xubuntu-desktop and it's fixed now. Think apt-get autoremove removed the package.

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You might be having problems with LightDM, the login manager that comes in Ubuntu by default. In 12.04 it used to do the same problem you are describing.

You can install GDM, an alternative login manager, to get around this:

At the login screen, press and hold Ctrl+Alt+F2 to go to the terminal. Don't be afraid! Just log in here with your username and password.

Then, type sudo apt-get install gdm. Let it install and type sudo dpkg-reconfigure gdm and follow the prompts to set it as your login manager.

Press Ctrl+Alt+F7 to get back to the login screen which should now look different. Does logging in work? If it does, your problem is solved!

If it doesn't, go back to the fullscreen terminal and type sudo dpkg-reconfigure lightdm to set LigthDM as you login manager again. Now you know that this is a problem with your graphics drivers for sure.

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ok, I think I'm not quite such a noob, I know how to enter a terminal there and how to log in :) And I already have installed gdm: doesn't work. lightdm: doesn't work. lxdm: doesn't work... – Calvin Wahlers Nov 29 '12 at 17:53
OK. You definitely have a graphics problem then; LightDM can sometimes mirror the problems you're describing (it might help if you said how long the delay is). Sorry I couldn't help. – WindowsEscapist Nov 29 '12 at 19:12
Delay means the time between having entered an appearing again? – Calvin Wahlers Nov 29 '12 at 21:52
Right. It is like a couple seconds, or more like 30, etc. I can't help you with graphics issues but I'm sure there is someone here that can. Good luck! – WindowsEscapist Nov 29 '12 at 22:56
On Ubuntu 14.04 this method gets you a blank screen in place of the login screen. – Luís de Sousa Jan 22 at 14:19

Yeah, press ALT+F3. You should be given an unix-style login prompt, so enter your username and password there. From there you should be given a shell (a program that allows you to enter commands, sort of like windows' cmd.exe). Enter these commands and press ENTER (or Return) after writing each one (you will have to enter your password when it shows something like [sudo] password for USERNAME. Note that the password will not show when you are typing it!):

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get -y dist-upgrade
sudo apt-get -y install fglrx

Then reboot your computer using this command:

sudo reboot

See if this works :)

If this does not work, try going back to the 3rd terminal (ALT+F3), login, and enter this command (pressing ENTER after you have typed it):

sudo apt-get -y install lxdm

This will show a DOS-like dialog after a bit. If lxdm is not selected, select it by using the UP and DOWN arrow keys, and press ENTER to accept that selection. Then reboot using the same command as before (sudo reboot).

If this still doesn't work, go back to the 3rd terminal (ALT+F3), login, and enter this command (same procedure):

sudo apt-get -y install lubuntu-desktop

This will install a much lighter desktop environment which should work for now (should enable you to login and use your computer). Once that is done, reboot (sudo reboot), and when you are confronted with the login page, select the Lubuntu environment instead of Ubuntu.

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This will not work. X is running he is crashing post login (i think). – coteyr Nov 29 '12 at 17:10
I know, that is because Unity crashes. Probably because 3D does not work. The LXDM solution is for using as little 3D resources as possible so that more resources are freed for Unity. – MiJyn Nov 29 '12 at 17:13
I see, could work, I have no idea if lightdm uses "3D" or not. – coteyr Nov 29 '12 at 17:16
I think it does... or at least it's seriously heavyweight. – MiJyn Nov 29 '12 at 17:16
If lightdm uses 3D then shouldn't it trigger the crash, not after it hands control to unity? – coteyr Nov 29 '12 at 17:18

Yes I caused a Login Loop on my main Ubuntu 12.10 user and the fix was simple.

Background: Ubuntu 12.10 is installed in VirtualBox running on Windows 7 and uses Unity.

Cause: From the Desktop I Ctrl+Alt+T into terminal mode and then tried to run 'startx' (I was trying to help a friend over the phone late at night...but this was a stupid thing to do). A new blank Unity desktop appeared and everything hung...


Forcing VirtualBox to close and then rebooting Ubuntu I got to the login screen but kept looping back to this same screen everytime after entering the password. No errors were displayed. I could login as Guest but I had no Sudo rights and thus no control... However once logged in as Guest I Ctrl+Alt+F3 and got to a terminal login.

I entered my main user name and password and logged in with command mode. Logout took me back to CLI login and Ctrl+Alt+F7 took me back to Guest desktop. So my account still worked. I then added a test user and gave them sudo rights. From the Unity login I could login and logout Test user with no problem. So Unity still worked.

Fix: So my main account was still accessable via CLI and Unity was working for all other accounts. This indicated a configuation problem on my main account. I followed the advice of SiddharthaRT at the top of this post and did chown username:username .Xauthority. This fixed my problem. Thanks !!

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I'm facing the same problem today in 14.04.02 but unfortunately I disabled the guest account. My user and root passwords are not being accepted in any terminal I've tried. Any suggestions? I already went ahead and installed 12.04 alongside thinking I might be able to access my files on the 14.04 side, but no luck – Richard Scriven May 27 '15 at 21:56
I have now run into this problem after trying to fix my R instance. Richard, did you manage to fix your problem? – Alex Jun 16 '15 at 2:26

I just had this problem ten minutes ago and after looking to /var/log/Xorg.0.log I found out that it's a Nvidia problem (there was a line saying Xlib: extension "GLX" missing on display ":0).

I realized I have Nvidia drivers from official website which are nor really stable and tested (so I've read and also experienced before).

The solution here was to install package nvidia-current from Ubuntu repos; it is an awfully outdated version, but it's tested properly at least. Its installer is quite capable too and it uninstalled successfully my hack-installed unstable version from Nvidia website.

TL;DR, just try login into the shell (ctrl-alt-F2 or whatever F between F1 and F6) and type

sudo apt-get install nvidia-current

If it succeeds, reboot.

sudo reboot

If you're lucky enough, problem solved, you should be able to login to Unity.


Please note that sometimes nvidia-current might install the wrong driver. In that case, search the latest compatible driver for your video card and install it. For example, on ubuntu 16.04, nvidia-current points to the version: 304.131-0ubuntu3. This might be incompatible with your graphic card; therefore, search with sudo apt-cache search nvidia-[0-9]+$ the package you need, and install it.

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I often have the login loop issue after installing updates. For those who want to use the Nvidia drivers from the website, you need to reinstall them. As you said: <kbd>Ctrl</kbd> <kbd>Alt</kbd> <kbd>F1</kbd> Login cat .xsession-errors if you have this message Xlib: extension "GLX" missing on display ":0 it means there is a GPU driver issue. Download the nvidia drivers sudo service lightdm stop sudo ./ sudo reboot And it should be fine – Mar Cnu Apr 8 at 8:32
I had the same issue. I had to remove all the previously installed drivers; then install "nvidia-361" (right now it's the latest version for ubuntu), run sudo update-initramfs -u, then reboot. unfortunately nvidia-current was installing "nvidia-304" that probably isn't compatible with my video card. But thanks for leading me to the right solution! :) – Markon Jun 4 at 10:03
Thanks a bunch, this helped to fix login Issue in 14.04. – Amit Sharma Jul 12 at 5:28

This is not a direct answer to your case but its more of a general solution to login loops.

The problem could be as simple as a wrong command put into the .profile file in the home directory. (Since that file get loaded on logon)

To see if that is really the case, press Ctrl Alt F1, and login. Checking the .xsession-errors file in your home directory


This should give some clues about some problematic command.

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My home folder was full :-( df -h will give you this answer I had to connect through ssh made some space and worked like a flower

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I've pressed Ctrl+Alt+F3 and logged into the shell. Afterwards with this command:

chown username:username .Xauthority 

Where username is my login name, I've solved the problem.

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I had a very similar issue where I could log in on the terminal but not on the desktop, my wallpaper from the profile was loaded during login, but after a few seconds it jumped back to the login screen. I checked all file permissions as suggested, they were fine. I tried without a separate home partition and was able to log in to the desktop. After that I checked the settings for the LUKS encrypted home partition, which were also fine (though there were some error messages on the terminal, telling me that the encrypted volume could not be mounted, because it was already mounted).

Then I looked into dmesg, found BTRFS errors related to the filesystem on the LUKS encrypted home partition (yep, I'm mixing LUKS and BTRFS), tried to actually write to the filesystem and found that it gave me I/O errors. So I had to repair the filesystem or create a new one and restore from backup.

Long story short: Look at dmesg and actually try to write to the filesystem that seems to be writable.

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This could also be because of a special combination of settings:

  • Encrypted /home/$USER
  • $USER in nopasswdlogin group

lightdm will try to log you in, but can't access any files so you get the described symptoms.

To fix this, remove $USER from the group:

sudo gpasswd -d $USER nopasswdlogin
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I had to deal with the same problem. Unfortunately in my case it was not resolved by simply changing permissions so my contribution will be to try to create a guide from the simple to the more complex steps. Hopefully your uses will be resolved with the simple ones.

Note: replace <username> with your username.

Assumptions: Nvidia Graphic Card, lightdm

Access To Terminal

To open a new terminal simply use (and then login with your credentials):


Check the owned/group/permissions of your home directory files

cd ~<username>
ls -lah

Fix the owner and group of .Xauthority and /tmp

chown <username>:<username> .Xauthority
sudo chmod a+wt /tmp

Check if there is still a problem by restarting lightdm

sudo service lightdm restart

Reconfigure lightdm

dpkg-reconfigure lightdm
sudo service lightdm restart

If you wish to see possible errors from the system

tail -n 50 /var/log/Xorg.0.log # if you want to see the last 50 errors
tail -f /var/log/Xorg.0.log    # if you want to be able to see all new errors live

Relevant log files:


As a last resort, which is what I did, reinstall the graphic card drivers. Nvidia simply does not work nice with Ubuntu.

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I had to remove NVIDIA drivers to get in, as in (replace nvidia-current with nvidia-340 or whatever your number is).

Revert back to Nouveau drivers

Then I had a buggy UNITY frame. I had to follow the steps showed here to fix them:

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I only had to change the permissions of my home folder:

sudo chmod 755 /home/<username>

This can be done by logging in, into a terminal, using your username and password in a shell using CtrlAltF1.

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After trying all, I just ended up that "let me check my user's home directory permission", and found the problem, then I was scrolling down and I see you already posted this as an answer : ) – Afshin Hamedi yesterday

I found my /tmp file chmod settings were not correct. It was chmod to root only. This was my own mistake. I forgot that a day earlier, I deleted the /tmp folder with sudo rights and after recreated the folder again with sudo mkdir tmp. Big mistake. I created a /tmp folder with root permissions only.

In the ~/.Xsession-errors file I could see that x11 was not able to write a file in /tmp. After execute these commands from the root account (or Alt+Ctrl+f1) in welcome screen and use the problem account credentials to login) I solved the problem:

sudo chmod 1777 /tmp
sudo chown root:root /tmp

After these, I was able to login to Unity again with the normal account again. So if you have, what looks like a .Xauthority problem, you could try this if nothing else works.


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I experienced the same problem and the cause in my case was that I tried to add something to the /etc/environment file and whatever I added seemed to not want me to log in after I restarted.


When at the login screen press CTRL + ALT + F2. Login with admin username and password and edit the /etc/environment file and remove what changes you made to it.

In the terminal, you can run the following command use nano to edit the file:

sudo nano /etc/environment

Press CTRL + o and then press ENTER to save the file. Press CTRL + x to exit nano.

Once you have edited and saved the file, simply hit CTRL + ALT + F2 to go back to the GUI login screen and you should be able to log on.

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Proprietary Driver Issues

MoKSB State

I was able to log in to TTY using ctrl+alt+F1, but had no internet access seeing as the driver is proprietary as well.

No Xorg issues were apparent.

I decided to remove the packages when I recieved the MokSB failed message telling me that it could NOT change the secure boot settings. The notable part is that it prompted me for a password even though it failed.

Secure Boot

Caution: Do NOT just blindly remove your drivers!

A good test to see if it is a Proprietary Driver issue is to turn OFF Secure Boot and boot Ubuntu and attempt to login. If logging in works, then you now know what you're issue is.

Broadcom Drivers and Nvidia Drivers

I removed nvidia packages

sudo apt-get purge nvidia-*

and then I removed the broadcom packages

sudo apt-get purge bcmwl-kernel-source

and rebooted.

I attempted to login again and success!

I saw my desktop!

I rebooted again. logged in again and everything was set to default.

  • I rebooted into BIOS

  • turned off secure boot (not recommended, need a better solution)

  • booted up ubuntu using grub

  • logged in and installed the downloaded *.deb file for my wifi driver

  • installed it using Software Center

  • and rebooted.

I followed the same procedure for my nvidia drivers seeing as the default video drivers are awful on my card.

Turning Secure Boot On Again

If I turn on Secure Boot again, I see the same issue. Since the drivers are NOT signed, it's not a true Secure Boot and I get locked out.

Personally, I find this to be a very bogus (and annoying) issue.

Alternative Solution?

The most feasible solution I saw was customizing the kernel seeing as I can't simply leave Secure Boot off and turn it On and then Off when I switch OS's. Again, it's just annoying.

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This worked for me. This is super annoying. – Michael 2 hours ago

Change to another login screen.

Ctrl+Alt+F2 to open a terminal.

Ctrl+Alt+F7 to go back to the graphic mode.

Type sudo dpkg-reconfigure gdm

In a graphic screen, select gdm and OK.

Type sudo reboot

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I don't think thiss will work, he is having problems after gdm/lightdm – coteyr Nov 29 '12 at 17:09
No, the lightDM loop does actually happen like this (although it depends on the length of the black screen) – WindowsEscapist Nov 29 '12 at 17:20
until now, nothing really helps :( i selected gdm but now there's only the ubuntu 12.10 wallpaper, nothing else – Calvin Wahlers Nov 29 '12 at 17:22
Probably I should add that the last time I used Ubuntu firefox told me to restart it... it crashed. LibreOffice also did. Then I rebootet and since that moment yesterday it doesn't work. – Calvin Wahlers Nov 29 '12 at 18:29

I had the same problem after I upgraded to 12.10.Then I came here from Google. I created another user and I could login.

As I don't use Unity, I uninstalled lighdm. After reboot, I could login. You can try that.

Good luck!

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I had the same problem after a clean install of Ubuntu 12.10 (but reusing my existing home partition). I tried all of the other answers, but none worked. But I found the clue to my specific problem in the file .xsession-errors in my home directory.

This is how I solved it in my case:

  1. Hit Ctrl+Alt+F1 to open a virtual terminal. Then login with username and password.

  2. Open the file ~/.xsession-errors if it exists (type cat ~/.xsession-errors). In my case, this file contained one single line with an error message:

    /usr/sbin/lightdm-session: 27: .: Can't open /usr/bin/byobu-launch

  3. Now byobu is a command line tool that I use and I have no idea how that ended up in a system file since this was right after a clean install. Byobu is not installed by default, so that might explain the error as it looks for a file (/usr/bin/byobu-launch) that doesn't exist. So in my case I had to install byobu to fix the problem:

    sudo apt-get install byobu

  4. Hit Ctrl+Alt+F7 to go back to the login screen, and login worked fine now.

Of course in your case you might find a different error message in .xsession-errors, which requires a different solution.

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Your desktop environment is failing to start (it sounds like). I would start by tring to log in as a different user.

Ctrl+Alt+F1 then login

sudo adduser testing

Once the user has been added ctrl+alt+f7 and try to log in as testing. If you can log in as testing then your unity/gnome configuration is borked and should be reset. This Question covers it. I prefer to mv ~/.config ~/.config.old.

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I can't log in as testing... – Calvin Wahlers Nov 29 '12 at 17:30
You could have bad libs, try MiJyn's answer. If you can gain access via lubuntu then you have a library issue. – coteyr Nov 29 '12 at 17:32

I have been experiencing the very same problem a couple of times every week and have tried most of solutions given here but the only way I can log back in is by restarting lightdm.

sudo service lightdm restart.

The funny thing is that even after I restrat lightdm, it does not log in on the first attempt but only on my second attempt even though I am entering the right password. I realised this a few weeks ago and I have verified this a few times, making sure that I am not accidentally keying in my password wrong. I am now certain that it does not log me in the first time after restarting lightdm but only on the second attempt!

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Today I got a clue about my problem. I have an external monitor connected to my laptop. When I got into the login loop I decided to somehow get it working with restarting lightdm. From a bug report in launchpad I got an idea that it could be due to some issue in recognising my external monitor. So, I disconnected the monitor, dropped to tty1 and back and the login worked the first time! Not the second time like when I restarted lightdm. This is better but there has to be a solution which does not require this. – eshwar Jul 18 '14 at 10:17

If the other questions do not lead to a solution, my suggestion is to try to follow these steps:

  1. Login in character mode with a VC (Virtual Console). That is, Ctrl Alt F1 and your username/password login. Let's call this user original.

  2. Create a new user. You can use for example:

    adduser newuser --group sudo

    to add a new administrative user (that is, a user that can do sudo).

  3. Try to login as newuser. If it works, you now that the problem is in the specific setup of original user. Otherwise, stop reading here --- the problem is at system level and you'll probably need to reinstall something of the graphic stack.

  4. Now you can try to search what happened. Compare hidden files in ~original and ~newuser and try to find mismatches. Especially you should search for files not owned by you:

    find . \! -user original

    and files that are not writable to you (there will be more of them, especially in caches):

    find . \! -perm -u=w
  5. You can move suspicious files to a backup (sudo mv whatever whatever-backup) and try to login again.

  6. Files in /tmp and /var that can be sensible to this problem should be deleted by a reboot --- but sometime there is some remnant over there, too.

As a last resort, you can backup the important info of original (not all the home dir! or you'll propagate the problem), and delete and recreate it, although it is better to be able to find where the problem is.

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In my case the problem was caused by wrong permissions on my home directory.

1: Boot from a live media (or different linux distro installed on the same system) and open a terminal with Ctrl-Alt-T

2: Make a temporary mount point and Mount the partition that contains your /home (in my case it was /dev/sda6)

sudo mkdir /mnt/sda6 sudo mount /dev/sda6 /mnt/sda6

3: check permissions

sudo ls - la /mount/sda6/

you should see an entry username` where username is your username

From this point forward we will use the username tvbox (change this to your username)

You should see something like this:

drwxr-x--- 67 tvbox tvbox 12288 May 1 07:00 tvbox

This indicates that tvbox is a directory and the owner has the required read, write an execute permissions.

4: correct permissions if incorrect.

If the above is incorrect in any way we need to correct it.

If data was moved by root you will see root root rather than tvbox tvbox (owners name owners group) This could be referred to as the "root cause" ;-)

To fix this issue the command `sudo chown -R tvbox:tvbox /mount/sda6/tvbox

If somehow the other permissions aren't right you will need to modify them with sudo chmod +rwx tvbox adding read write and execute permissions.(the execute bit on a directory allows you to traverse it.)

5: reboot the problem OS

6: login

If this doesn't resolve your problem refer to the many other quality answers here.

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Just in case changing the access privileges for the files .Xauthority and .IDEauthority with the chown command did not work for you:

This solution applies to those who besides having had to change access privileges for the above mentioned files cannot use commands as they used to, i.e. the shell does not find the commands. (This is the reason, why the login command cannot be executed either.)

Type echo $SHELL into your terminal. If you get back /bin/bash, use export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local:/usr/local/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/bin:/usr/sbin:/bin:/sbin to temporarily be able to use commands.

Then open your .profile file, located in your home directory ~, i.e. /home/yourusername with sudo gedit ~/.profile and add the missing paths to PATH, so that it looks like this:


Now reboot your system so that the changes to the environmental variable PATH take effect.

(If commands are not recognized by your shell, you could also use the equivalent paths to the executables of the commands, e.g., instead of sudo gedit ~/.profile type /usr/bin/sudo /usr/bin/gedit ~/.profile. The shell tells you the directory to use, i.e. command not found, but the command your are trying to use can be found in /path/to/command's/directory - could be any of the paths you see above.)

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For me following worked. Type ctrl + alt + F1 and login with your username at command prompt.

user@dell$ ls -l ~/.ICEauthority
-rw------- root root 3668 May 28 09:28 /home/user/.ICEauthority
user@dell$ sudo chmod 777 ~/.ICEauthority
user@dell$ ls -l ~/.ICEauthority
-rwxrwxrwx root root 3668 May 28 09:28 /home/user/.ICEauthority

ctrl + alt + F7 and login worked.

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May you are affected by Bug #1240336 were different permissions are gone after release upgrade.

Other side effects

  • no guest login
  • Synaptic not starting from menu

I get login to work when I put the user into the video group or after running sudo chmod a+rw /dev/dri/* in a terminal.


  • no sound
  • Logout from user menu not working
  • running /usr/lib/policykit-1-gnome/polkit-gnome-authentication-agent-1 gives: polkit-gnome-authentication-agent-1:5805): polkit-gnome-1-WARNING **: Unable to determine the session we are in: No session for pid 5805


Run sudo pam-auth-update --force in terminal. This solved the described problems in my cases.

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I got the login loop in connection with an update from Ubuntu 12.04 to 14.04. With gdm I had error messages in ~/.cache/gdm/session.log with entries such as /etc/gdm/Xsession: line 33: mktemp: command not found and after sudo aptitude purge gdm with lightdm I got several similar error messages in ~/.xsession-errors, e.g., usr/sbin/lightdm-session: line 24: mktemp: command not found.

I tried several things. What I believe did eventually resolve the problem for me was this:

I moved my configuration files .profile, .bashrc and .pam_environment to other names and then I managed to login. I suspect that there is a problem in one of them.

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protected by Community Jun 26 '13 at 13:55

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