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What system folder on Ubuntu 12.10 are the main menu .desktop icons stored at???

I am having trouble locating....

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possible duplicate of Where are the Unity Launcher .desktop files? –  Lucio Mar 21 at 23:47

2 Answers 2

The .desktop files for the launcher are at /usr/share/applications. The dash will search through there.

There are more:

./akonadi/agents/
./app-install/desktop/
./applications/
./applications/kde4/
./applications/screensavers/
./apps/konqueror/servicemenus/
./apps/konsole/
./autostart/
./doc/ssh-askpass-gnome/examples/
./ecryptfs-utils/
./gdm/autostart/LoginWindow/
./gnome/autostart/
./gnome/wm-properties/
./indicators/session/applications/
./kde4/apps/akonadi/accountwizard/contacts/
./kde4/apps/akonadi/accountwizard/ical/
./kde4/apps/akonadi/accountwizard/imap/
./kde4/apps/akonadi/accountwizard/kolab/
./kde4/apps/akonadi/accountwizard/mailbox/
./kde4/apps/akonadi/accountwizard/maildir/
./kde4/apps/akonadi/accountwizard/pop3/
./kde4/apps/akonadi/plugins/serializer/
./kde4/apps/carddecks/svg-oxygen-air/
./kde4/apps/desktoptheme/air-netbook/
./kde4/apps/desktoptheme/appdashboard/
./kde4/apps/desktoptheme/default/
./kde4/apps/desktoptheme/oxygen/
./kde4/apps/kabc/formats/
./kde4/apps/kbookmark/
./kde4/apps/kcm_componentchooser/
./kde4/apps/kcmsolidactions/
./kde4/apps/kdm/patterns/
./kde4/apps/kdm/programs/
./kde4/apps/kdm/sessions/
./kde4/apps/kdm/themes/ariya/
./kde4/apps/khelpcenter/plugins/
./kde4/apps/khelpcenter/plugins/kubuntu/
./kde4/apps/khelpcenter/plugins/Manpages/
./kde4/apps/khelpcenter/plugins/Scrollkeeper/
./kde4/apps/khelpcenter/searchhandlers/
./kde4/apps/kio_desktop/
./kde4/apps/konqsidebartng/virtual_folders/remote/
./kde4/apps/konqsidebartng/virtual_folders/services/
./kde4/apps/konqueror/dirtree/remote/
./kde4/apps/kpat/themes/
./kde4/apps/ksmserver/windowmanagers/
./kde4/apps/ksysguard/scripts/smaps/
./kde4/apps/ktorrent/scripts/auto_remove/
./kde4/apps/ktorrent/scripts/auto_resume/
./kde4/apps/ktorrent/scripts/email_notifications/
./kde4/apps/ktorrent/scripts/tracker_groups/
./kde4/apps/kwebkitpart/kpartplugins/
./kde4/apps/kwin/
./kde4/apps/messageviewer/plugins/bodypartformatter/
./kde4/apps/plasma/layout-templates/org.kde.plasma-desktop.defaultPanel/
./kde4/apps/plasma/layout-templates/org.kde.plasma-desktop.desktopIcons/
./kde4/apps/plasma/layout-templates/org.kde.plasma-desktop.findWidgets/
./kde4/apps/plasma/layout-templates/org.kde.plasma-desktop.photoActivity/
./kde4/apps/plasma/layout-templates/org.kde.plasma-desktop.SaL/
./kde4/apps/plasma/layout-templates/org.kde.plasma-netbook.defaultPage/
./kde4/apps/plasma/layout-templates/org.kde.plasma-netbook.defaultPanel/
./kde4/apps/plasma/layout-templates/org.kde.plasma-netbook.defaultSal/
./kde4/apps/plasma/plasmoids/facebook/
./kde4/apps/plasma/plasmoids/notifier/
./kde4/apps/plasma/shareprovider/imgsusepasteorg/
./kde4/apps/plasma/shareprovider/imgur/
./kde4/apps/plasma/shareprovider/kde/
./kde4/apps/plasma/shareprovider/pastebincom/
./kde4/apps/plasma/shareprovider/pasteopensuseorg/
./kde4/apps/plasma/shareprovider/pasteubuntucom/
./kde4/apps/plasma/shareprovider/privatepastecom/
./kde4/apps/plasma/shareprovider/simplestimagehosting/
./kde4/apps/plasma/shareprovider/wklej/
./kde4/apps/plasma/shareprovider/wstaw/
./kde4/apps/remoteview/
./kde4/apps/solid/actions/
./kde4/apps/solid/devices/
./kde4/services/
./kde4/services/akonadi/contact/
./kde4/services/akonadi/davgroupware-providers/
./kde4/services/kconfiguredialog/
./kde4/services/kded/
./kde4/services/kontact/
./kde4/services/korganizer/
./kde4/services/kresources/
./kde4/services/kresources/kabc/
./kde4/services/kresources/kcal/
./kde4/services/kresources/knotes/
./kde4/services/kwin/
./kde4/services/phononbackends/
./kde4/services/qimageioplugins/
./kde4/services/ScreenSavers/
./kde4/services/searchproviders/
./kde4/services/ServiceMenus/
./kde4/services/solidbackends/
./kde4/services/useragentstrings/
./kde4/servicetypes/
./kubuntu-netbook-default-settings/share/autostart/
./locale/currency/

a ton of localization stuff...

./mimelnk/application/
./mimelnk/text/
./playonlinux/etc/
./services/
./soprano/plugins/
./templates/
./templates/.source/
./Thunar/sendto/
./ubuntustudio/applications/
./wallpapers/Ariya/
./xfce4/helpers/
./xfce4/panel-plugins/
./xfce4/panel/plugins/
./xgreeters/
./xsessions/
./xubuntu/applications/

Most are self-explanatory, but you'll want /usr/share/applications or ~/.local/share/applications.

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The .desktop link files are stored in /usr/share/applications for software installed for all users, and $HOME/.local/share/applications for things you have installed only for yourself.

The actual icon (image) files are a bit more scattered (since a .desktop file can specify their absolute path), but /usr/share/pixmaps and /usr/share/icons contain a good fraction of them. (icons at $prefix/share/icons/ with required fall-back version in hicolor theme can be loaded without the full path, thus such as Icon=video-display where $prefix can be /usr, /usr/local or ~/.local; See specification at freedesktop.org: Icon Theme Specification )

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