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I am connecting to a new install of Ubuntu 12.04 via remote desktop (after installing xrdp). Everything seems to work fine except that the keyboard mapping is for US rather than UK.

I have looked at the keyboard layout settings and it shows 'us' being available but no other languages. If I try to add another layout there seems none available.

Logging in on the machine itself shows English (UK) as the locale and if I try to add a new language it shows them all being available.

I have tried both ubuntu-2d and gnome-classic.

Can anyone shed some light on this?

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3 Answers 3

I have exactly the same problem when connecting to a remote instance on AWS. It seems to be related to xrdp. See for instance this thread, which describes a detailed work-around.

EDIT: Took me a while to get back to this, but since there has been no further activity in this thread, I finally got around to add details as suggested (demanded?) in the comments.

These are the steps I had to do to fix the keyboard layout in xrdp in Ubuntu 12.04. The original link was a big help, but a bit out-dated. I also found useful information with the rdesktop project, for finding country codes: here and here.

  1. Open console and set xkb map to correct model & layout.

    setxkbmap -model pc105 -layout no
    

    Replace model and layout language code to whatever is the correct one for you. I just ran setxkbmap -print on the client PC (which incidently also runs Ubuntu 12.04) to get an idea about these values. Note that setxkbmap needs to have a display to run. You can either run the console through a RDP session or perhaps even login through ssh with X display redirection, like this ssh -X <server>.

  2. Generate XRDP keymap file:

    xrdp-genkeymap km-0414.ini
    sudo mv km-0414.ini /etc/xrdp
    sudo chown root:root /etc/xrdp/km-0414.ini
    

    Replace the country code 0414 with the correct code for your country. See the rdesktop doc to find the correct code for you.

  3. Restart the xrdp service:

    sudo service xrdp restart
    
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Welcome to Ask Ubuntu! Whilst this may theoretically answer the question, it would be preferable to include the essential parts of the answer here, and provide the link for reference. –  Eliah Kagan Jan 4 '13 at 2:41
    
Useful indications. I have precisely the same problem: Ubuntu 12.04.4 properly configured with fr-CA keyboard, but when I xrdp from Windows, I'm stuck with an en-US keyboard. And since setxkbmap yields "XKB extension not present", it can't be fixed from there. I ended up using xrdp-genkeymap to generate km-0c0c.ini, and then I renamed km-0409.ini (the en-US keyboard) to km-0409.ini.true as a backup and copied km-0c0c.ini to km-0409.ini. My xrdp session still thinks it's running en-US, but I fooled it into running fr-CA. This will do until a proper solution becomes known. –  Urhixidur Feb 26 at 20:47

I had the same problem, and in my case, just running:

setxkbmap 

without any option, fixed the issue

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I have found that the XRDP keyboard layout problem is unsolvable the "easy" way, as things sometimes can be in Linux.

Fortunately, there is a workaround, as there is often in Linux.

Here is a guide I wrote:

http://cloclotron.net/xrdp_keyboard_layout_workaround.html

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