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Consider adjusting the PKG_CONFIG_PATH environment variable if you installed software in a non-standard prefix. What does this mean ?

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4 Answers

PKG_CONFIG_PATH is a environment variable which holds the path of pkg-config script. pkg-config program is used to retrieve information about installed libraries in the system.

To find the path use the command

locate pkg-config

and your results will be something like this


To check the PKG_CONFIG_PATH value use the command echo $PKG_CONFIG_PATH

To set the PKG_CONFIG_PATH value use export PKG_CONFIG_PATH=/usr/lib/pkgconfig

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The first answer is not technically explicit enough. From the man page (open a terminal, type man pkg-config):

pkg-config retrieves information about packages from special metadata files. These files are named after the package, and has a .pc extension. On most systems, pkg-config looks in /usr/lib/pkgconfig, /usr/share/pkgconfig, /usr/local/lib/pkgconfig and /usr/local/share/pkgconfig for these files. It will additionally look in the colon-separated (on Windows, semicolon-separated) list of directories specified by the PKG_CONFIG_PATH environment variable.

So the pkg-config program is not in the PKG_CONFIG_PATH directory; however, if you install a library, for the information to use it in an automake script to be accessible it needs to be in a directory pkg-config is aware of.

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To see where pkg-config (version 0.24 or later) searches for installed libraries by default, use the following command:

pkg-config --variable pc_path pkg-config

To modify that path, set the PKG_CONFIG_PATH environment variable. The man file states PKG_CONFIG_PATH is:

A colon-separated (on Windows, semicolon-separated) list of directories to search for .pc files. The default directory will always be searched after searching the path; the default is libdir/pkgconfig:datadir/pkgconfig where libdir is the libdir where pkg-config and datadir is the datadir where pkg-config was installed.

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It means you're trying to build something from source, and it can't find all of the dependencies it needs. The pkg-config script it uses to find the development files for those libraries, outputs this message.

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