For my part, I have found that abcde ( A Better CD Encoder) is a perfect tool for the task.
sudo apt-get install abcde
It will :
- rip the CD
- get the meta informations from the net (titles, artist, etc...)
- handle the encoding of your choice (if you have plenty of disk space, you can opt for a lossless ripping, and make smaller versions of your file later if needed)
- do it in background without bothering you
To be more precise (from the man page), it will :
- Do a CDDB or Musicbrainz query over the Internet to look up your CD or use a locally stored CDDB entry
- Grab an audio track (or all the audio CD tracks) from your CD
- Normalize the volume of the individual file (or the album as a single unit)
- Compress to Ogg/Vorbis, MP3, FLAC, Ogg/Speex, MPP/MP+(Musepack) and/or M4A format(s), all in one CD read
- Comment or ID3/ID3v2 tag
- Give an intelligible filename
- Calculate replaygain values for the individual file (or the album as a single unit)
- Delete the intermediate WAV file (or save it for later use)
The only drawback (well, I don't think it is, but some people might) is that it's a command line tool.
According to this page there is a GUI for abcde called XCFA.