ccrama, I Do agree that this is a duplicate of How to copy an Ubuntu install from one laptop to another but that is precisely one of the things i have enjoyed the most about switching to Linux: Most users (not all, but hey) will be very helpful and instead of shutting you down or making you feel dumb, they help and point at other references. This shows experience and the fact that Linux (Ubuntu in our case) has been around and knows there are issues, but knows how to go about addressing them.
Both methods described in the link above work well, but here is the way i've approached it:
Your SSD will come with a CD for precisely moving your OS install from one drive to another. 99.5% of the time it is Acronis Home. Even though it is geared towards windows installations, it works fine with Linux (asumming you don't have some really specialized File system). If you do, it still works but the SSD has to be the same size or bigger than the original one. However, it will detect that for you and let you know how it will proceed.
So, run the utility, choose the option to clone, choose any resizing options you may need on your partitions, and let it do its magic.
Now, i've had to do this a couple of times so here are some things i've learned along the way:
- If you did some of the recomended partitioning on your existing system (i.e. /home in separate partition, etc) then great. If not, is the moment to do it.
- Search in this site for SSD specific settings to maximize the speed you can get from the drive ( If not here are 2 bookmarks i kept for this purpose: Tuning Solid State Drives in Linux and A Tweaker's Guide to Solid State Drives (SSDs) and Linux but please keep in mind that they are a bit older, so i would search for newer info
So those are my 2 cents. :) Good luck