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How can I install Visual Studio?

I'd prefer to use it in Wine or PlayOnLinux if possible.

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appdb.winehq.org/… indicates that there has been no success running any edition of Visual Studio 2010 with Wine. Therefore, an answer to this question should probably just explain how virtualization works, and detail various virtualization options for running Windows. –  Eliah Kagan May 31 '12 at 7:05

6 Answers 6

up vote 10 down vote accepted

You can try Wine, but per the Wine application database, Visual Studio generally works poorly under Wine:

From this Wine site page:

What works
nothing, install fails

What does not
n/a

What was not tested
n/a

http://appdb.winehq.org/objectManager.php?sClass=application&iId=892

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Sorry, none that I know about other than Wine :( –  roadmr Oct 5 '12 at 16:29

Visual Studio is tightly integrated with Windows and Developing a .NET application using any language (C# or VB) takes more than just having Wine, and since Wine is not capable enough to provide complete development runtime as .NET in Linux.

If you want to develop software specifically in C#, on Linux, you can use MonoDevelop

Since, you're asking for Visual Studio 2010 (.NET 4.0), with MonoDevelop, you'll not be able to develop an app that particularly uses .NET 4, as of now MonoDevelop is in version 3.0.2 (somewhat equivalent to .NET 3.0).

You can still use Windows virtually within Ubuntu, using VirtualBox. And then install Visual Studio there, but still a serious app development is not recommended to be done in Virtualized environment.

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@Kush (who edited this post, adding the relevant section): Can you provide some kind of explanation, or citation(s), to support the idea that virtualized environments are poorly suited for serious software development? I've developed software in virtual environments without problems, and in my personal experience, the more sophisticated and serious a programmer is, they more likely (than me) they are to do some or all of their serious app development in such an environment. –  Eliah Kagan May 31 '12 at 22:08
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@EliahKagan: The only reason why using Virtualized environment should be avoided while developing, is the performance we get while development, no matter how better configuration we have, Virtual Machines simply can't compete the performance of having Physical installation. Also, if VM is unavoidable, the host machine must be capable enough to take the load of development tools being used. –  Kush Jun 1 '12 at 4:30
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@Kush Good answer, thanks! (Of course, if someone is choosing between running VS2010 on a virtual machine hosted in Ubuntu, or on an old physical machine with poor specs pulled out of the closet for this purpose, the VM might perform better.) –  Eliah Kagan Jun 1 '12 at 5:30

You'll need to run a virtual machine. Wine won't be able to handle it. Look into install VirtualBox (not necessarily the best but easier). You'll need to create a windows VM and then once you have windows installed install Visual Studio.

If you're looking at equivalent IDEs. Qt Creator, Eclipse, KDevelop, Anjuta, Intellij can all act as possible alternatives depending on the language you wish you develop in.

Possibly useful link on how install windows on VirtualBox: http://www.wikihow.com/Install-Windows-XP-on-Ubuntu-with-VirtualBox

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As I understand this is the best option to run without headaches. Especially in case of Visual Studio which (unlike games) doesn't need a lot of performance. –  Jet Jul 12 at 10:02

Sorry to give you the wrong answer, but I really doubt this will ever be truly supported.

Some people might actually get it working someday, but Microsoft will most certainly never support this officially; or even make things easy for the community, for that matter. From what I know, running the MS Office suite itself is horribly painful, it becomes more difficult with each new version.

Don't take it personally. Business is business. And their share on development is not on supporting the opensource community. For all they care, they strive on making their tools less and less compatible overtime.

If you really need this inside Linux, the best choice would be to have Windows in a Virtual Machine.

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You could try MonoDevelop, which is a clone of VisualStudio, but it hasn't as much features. MonoDevelop uses the Mono framework, a platform-independent implementation of C# and the CLI, but it's not fully compatible with .NET. You will have to port your .NET applications to Mono. At least you have to rewrite the UI, WPF isn't included in Mono and Winforms is crappy on Linux.

Although there are some Linux applications written in C# (Banshee, Tomboy, Pinta, PDFMod, Smuxi), .NET/Mono isn't very popular on Linux. It's not officially supported by Microsoft, and the developers of Mono (Xamarin) are actually focusing on mobile devices (Android, iOS) and not the Linux desktop. I recommend you to switch to another IDE and programming language that is fully supported on Linux. If you really can't live without .NET (e.g because you make your living writing .NET programs), you have to keep using Windows, because that's the only platform it supports.

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Don't get me wrong, Mono is not a bad framework and MonoDevelop is not a bad IDE, but don't expect it to be fully compatible with .NET and Visual Studio. It's like switching from Microsoft Office (<= 2003) to LibreOffice, most of it is the same, but not everything. –  user244 Oct 2 '12 at 16:20

You can use the Mono Development IDE to write .NET code in Ubuntu, rather than trying to use a Microsoft product in a non-Microsoft OS (which others have rightly pointed out is never going to be supported, easy, or in MS' best interests).

It has most of the features of Visual Studio, and will run faster and be more stable.

To install monodevelop, use this command in a terminal:

sudo apt-get install monodevelop

Monodevelop Home page: http://monodevelop.com/

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I use monodevelop everyday, it works well for me. –  trampster Oct 2 '12 at 9:34
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"buggy and lack of features" is exactly what you would get from trying to run Visual Studio in Ubuntu - you will have to either make a compromise somewhere or stick with MS Windows as your OS. –  ImaginaryRobots Oct 2 '12 at 21:11
    
MonoDevelop is still unable to open Visual Studio 2012 solution and project files :(. –  Erwin Mayer Oct 27 '12 at 18:48

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